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2021年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.091
基于城市群视角的工业遗存更新模式研究——以美国东北部城市群为例
Research on Regeneration of Industrial Relics Based on the Perspective of Urban Agglomeration: Case Study of the USA’s Northeastern Megalopolis

孙淼 李振宇

Sun Miao, Li Zhenyu

关键词:工业遗存;城市群;美国东北部城市群;更新模式;产业导向

Keywords:Industrial Relics; Urban Agglomeration; The USA’s Northeastern Megalopolis; Regeneration Pattern; Industrial Orientation

摘要:

工业遗存是城市更新中的重要空间资源。城市发展的经济诉求影响更新的具体模式,而经济诉求取决于城市在城市群中的层级和经济地位。基于城市群视角研究更新的经济规律能够高效再利用工业遗存资源,避免城市间的同质化竞争,推动城市群的协同发展。美国东北部城市群是工业发源地和后工业转型的先驱,其工业遗存规模大、分布广,更新模式成熟,具有重要的研究意义。本文将城市划分为四个等级,选择32 处工业遗存更新案例,基于“更新—产业—城市群”的研究框架,从空间开发、功能植入、更新主体建构三个层面梳理更新策略,探究更新背后的经济机制,指出工业遗存更新模式选择的产业导向规律,进而总结散点式、平台式和锚固式三类更新模式。本研究拟为背景相似的长三角城市群提供经验和借鉴。

Abstract:

Industrial relic is the significant spatial resource for urban regeneration. The economic development goal determines the choice of regeneration patterns, which depends on the city’s grading and its economic status within the urban agglomeration. Research on the economic laws of regeneration from the perspective of urban agglomeration can reuse the industrial relics more effectively, avoid homogeneous competition, and promote the synergetic development mechanism within urban agglomeration. The Northeastern Megalopolis was the birthplace of American industries and pioneer for post-industrial transformation. Its industrial relics are large in scale, widely distributed and with mature regeneration patterns, which shows research significance. This paper divides the cities into four levels and selects 32 cases of regenerated industrial relics. Based on a research frame of “regeneration-industry-urban agglomeration”, this paper sorts out the regeneration strategies from three levels: spatial redevelopment, function implantation, and participants’ composition. It analyzes the economic mechanism to point out the industrial orientation as the law of selecting regeneration patterns for industrial relics. Furthermore, this paper summarizes three types of regeneration patterns: scattered, platform, and anchored. It aims to provide experience and reference for the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration with similar background.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51678412),中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2020M681388),上海市“超级博士后”资助计划(2020412)
作者简介:

孙淼,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院博士后,上海市城市更新及其优化空间技术实验室。sascha@tongji.edu.cn

李振宇( 通信作者),同济大学建筑与城市规划学院院长,教授,博士生导师。zhenyuli@tongji.edu.cn


译者简介:

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