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2021年第4期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2021.072
多尺度城市空间网络研究进展与展望
The Progress and Prospects of the Multi-scale Urban Space Network Research

侯静轩 张恩嘉 龙瀛

Hou Jingxuan, Zhang Enjia, Long Ying

关键词:网络科学;尺度;空间分析;空间网络;流网络;二分网络;流类型

Keywords:Network Science; Scale; Spatial Analysis; Spatial Network; Flow Network; Bipartite Networks; Flow Type

摘要:

目前越来越多的城市研究者开始以网络科学的视角研究城市空间。本研究通过梳理已有城市空间网络研究,将相关研究分为区域、城市与人本三个研究尺度,并分析了“尺度”这一网络研究中的重要元素在研究方法与研究内容方面产生的作用与影响。研究方法方面,所研究空间尺度越大,网络化过程中对空间的抽象程度越高,越侧重于测度网络整体特征;所研究空间尺度越小,使用的空间模型则越精细,常聚焦于分析节点在网络中的地位。研究内容方面,较大尺度研究中针对的流类型更多且涉及动态网络研究,但主要倾向于刻画网络现象;而较小尺度研究中已较多开展流网络与空间网络作用方式的研究。此外,本文展望了未来多尺度城市空间网络研究可能的研究方法与研究内容,试图挖掘网络科学视角下多尺度城市研究的机遇,从而为城市研究提供新的视角和参考。


Abstract:

Recently, there are a growing number of scholars studying cities from the perspective of networks. This research reviews exiting studies by dividing them into three categories to reveal the spatial scale effects on study methods and contents of urban spatial networks. From the perspective of the study method, researchers prefer the highly abstract spatial network and measuring the fundamental characteristics of the network for large-scale studies. In contrast, the fine spatial model is usually applied at fine-scale explorations to reveal some nodes’ roles in the whole network. As for the study focus, various types of flows and their dynamics are depicted to interpret some spatial phenomena at larger scales, and the interaction between flow and spatial network is the main theme in fine-scale studies. Moreover, this paper tries to show the opportunities of the future multiscale urban research by prospecting its possible analytic methods and contents, and to provide a new perspective and reference for urban studies.

版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

侯静轩,清华大学建筑学院,博士研究生。houjx19@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn

张恩嘉,清华大学建筑学院,博士研究生。zej18@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn

龙瀛(通信作者),清华大学建筑学院、清华大学恒隆房地产研究中心,研究员、博士生导师;中国城市规划学会城市规划新技术应用学术委员会,副主任委员。ylong@tsinghua.edu.cn


译者简介:

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