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2021年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.31
城市街道网络的韧性测度与空间解析——五大全球城市比较研究
Implications of Measuring Resilience of Urban Street Networks: Comparative Study of Five Global Cities

颜文涛 卢江林 李子豪 沈尧

Yan Wentao, Lu Jianglin, Li Zihao, Shen Yao

关键词:街道网络 ;全局效率 ;韧性测度 ;空间解析 ;情景模拟 ;比较研究 ;全球城市

Keywords:Street Network; Global Efficiency; Resilience Measurement; Spatial Implications of Resilience; Scenario Simulation; Comparative Study; Global City

摘要:

韧性城市为应对不确定性扰动或冲击提供新的视角。街道网络作为城市空间结构 的骨架,对于构建韧性城市有着重要意义。本文界定了城市街道网络的韧性概念,基于 城市街道网络全局效率建立了城市街道网络韧性水平的量化测度模型。通过设计随机故 障和刻意攻击两种扰动情景,分别模拟随机扰动和排序扰动对街道网络韧性水平的影响。 研究发现,五大城市中心城区街道网络的韧性水平存在差异,两种扰动情景下上海城市 街道网络韧性水平最高,随机扰动情景下伦敦城市街道网络韧性水平最低,排序扰动情 景下东京城市街道网络韧性水平最低。研究结果表明,网络密度适中、层级结构有序并 具有跨层级多重连接的格网型城市街道网络,在面对两种扰动时具有较高的韧性水平。 本研究可为提升城市街道网络韧性水平的规划调控提供理论支持。 


Abstract:

 The concept of resilient city provides a new perspective to deal with uncertain disturbances or shocks. As the foundation of urban spatial structure, street network is significant for building a resilient city. In this paper, a quantitative model is established for measuring the resilience level of urban street network based on the global efficiency of street network. It finds that there are differences in the resilience levels of the urban street networks in the five global cities included in this study. The street network of Shanghai has the highest resilient level under two types of disturbance scenarios; the street network of London has the lowest level of resilience under random disturbance; the resilient level of Tokyo city street network is the lowest under the perturbation of sequence scenarios. The result shows that the grid type urban street network with moderate network density, orderly hierarchical structure and multi-level connections has a high level of resilience when facing the two kinds of disturbances. This research can provide theoretical support for building a space-efficient and dynamically adaptable urban street network structures.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题资助项目(2020YFB2103901),中国国土勘测规划院外协资助项目 (20201811413)
作者简介:

颜文涛,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,高密度人居环境生态与节能教育部重 点实验室,教授,博士生导师 ;同济大学建筑与城市规划学院生态智慧与生态实践研 究中心,副主任。yanwt@tongji.edu.cn 

卢江林,重庆大学建筑城规学院,博士研究生 

李子豪,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士研究生  

沈尧(通信作者),博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,高密度人居环境生态与节 能教育部重点实验室,助理教授。eshenyao@tongji.edu.cn


译者简介:

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