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2021年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2021.428
治理视角下的气候适应性规划——荷兰水管理和国土空间规划的一体化进程
Governing Climate Adaptation Planning: The Integration Between Water Management and Spatial Planning in the Netherlands

孟梦 李文竹 王世福 严娟 文森特· 纳丁

Meng Meng, Li Wenzhu, Wang Shifu, Yan Juan, Vincent Nadin

关键词:国土空间规划 ;水管理 ;气候适应性 ;治理 ;机构变革 ;政策演进

Keywords:Spatial Planning; Water Management; Climate Adaptation; Governance; Organisational Evolution; Policy Dynamics

摘要:

以增强气候适应性为目标,促进水管理与空间规划一体化的理念在城市治理的议题中得到越来越多的认可。荷兰作为实践这一理念的先锋,为此做了大量的努力。本文首先梳理荷兰政府自 1990 年代以来,在水管理外部一致性原则和规划部门去中心化影响下的机构改革过程,即为一体化构建了机构基础 ;之后进一步阐述同一时期水管理和空间规划的政策框架演进,揭示荷兰两大体系从政策互认到顶层框架一体化的过程。笔者希望本研究能够为我国空间规划体系在应对气候变化方面提供启发,弥补目前规划行业在该议题中法理、技术和协商机制方面的不足。


Abstract:

The notion of the integration between water management and spatial planning is increasingly prevalent in governing climate adaptation. As a pioneer, the Netherlands has made a great effort to support this idea. This paper first introduces the evolution of organizational structures of the Dutch government since the 1990s. In this process, the external coordination and decentralization trends contribute to the merger of two ministries in relation to water affairs and urban development. Following that, this paper reveals how the policy framing from water management and spatial planning is changed, which finalizes close coordination between hydrological engineers and planners at national policy documents. This paper concludes with suggestions to improve the Chinese spatial planning system, which spare limited attention to policy making, technics and coordination in such a cross-boundary governing issue.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51878285)、国家自然科学基金青年项目(52108050)、广州市科技计划项目(201906010033)、广州市人文社会科学重点研究基地共同资助
作者简介:

孟梦,华南理工大学建筑学院城市规划系,助理研究员/ 博士后。of?ce1988@163.com

李文竹,夏威夷大学马阿诺分校建筑学院,博士。LiWenzhuArch@163.com 

王世福,华南理工大学建筑学院,副院长。archcity@scut.edu.cn

严娟(通信作者),代尔夫特理工大学建筑与建成环境学院建成环境管理系,博士。yanjuan_tudelft@yeah.net 

文森特 · 纳丁,代尔夫特理工大学建筑与建成环境学院城市规划系,原系主任。V.Nadin@tudelft.nl


译者简介:

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