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全文下载次数:195
2021年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2021.430
气候变化背景下的城市水环境韧性规划研究——以新加坡为例
Research on Urban Water Environment Resilience Planning Under the Background of Climate Change: A Case Study of Singapore

陈天 石川淼 王高远

Chen Tian, Shi Chuanmiao, Wang Gaoyuan

关键词:气候变化 ;城市韧性 ;韧性规划 ;水环境 ;新加坡

Keywords:Climate Change; Urban Resilience; Resilience Planning; Water Environment; Singapore

摘要:

气候变化给城市规划与可持续发展带来了多方面的挑战,而韧性规划为提升城市安全性和稳定性提供了有效的理论与技术支持。新加坡在气候变化过程中面临水资源短缺、极端气候、雨洪灾害等多重威胁,采用了韧性规划来应对此类危机。本文采用文献研究和综合分析等方法,分析新加坡在气候变化背景下如何将韧性理念融入规划体系,以实现水环境与城市空间的健康发展。结合不断演进的涉水政策和完备的规划体系,新加坡制定了水资源调蓄、水生态复育、水安全防控、水气候调节四个方面的韧性规划对策,并通过制定设计导则、重组部门架构、多主体协商等方法确保对策实施落地。借鉴新加坡气候变化背景下针对水环境的韧性规划方法,本研究将为我国城市韧性规划提供经验借鉴,探索规划编制体系、策略体系与实践体系等方面的提升途径。


Abstract:

Climate change has brought many challenges to urban planning and sustainable development. Resilience planning provides effective theoretical and technical supports or improving urban safety and stability. In the process of climate change, Singapore faces multiple threats such as water shortages, extreme weather and rain and flood disasters, and adopts resilience planning to deal with such crises. This paper uses literature research, comprehensive analysis and other methods to analyze how Singapore integrates the concept of resilience into the planning system under the background of climate change to achieve the healthy development of the water environment and urban space. Singapore has adopted an iterative and evolving water planning policy and an integrated planning system, and formulated resilience planning strategies in four aspects: water resources regulation and storage, water ecological restoration, water safety prevention and control, and water climate regulation. The implementation of countermeasures is ensured by the formulation of design guidelines, reorganization of departmental structure, multi-agent negotiation and other methods. Drawing lessons from Singapore’s resilience planning methods for the water environment under the background of climate change in Singapore, this study provides experience and reference for the urban resilience planning in China, and explores paths to improve planning system, strategy system and practice system.


版权信息:
基金项目:“十三五”国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0704603),国家自然科学基金面上项目(52078329),国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(52061160366)
作者简介:

陈天,天津大学建筑学院,教授,博士生导师。teec@tju.edu.cn

石川淼,天津大学建筑学院,博士研究生。shichuanmiao1994@qq.com

王高远,天津大学建筑学院,博士研究生。1020206035@tju.edu.cn


译者简介:

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