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2021年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2021.488
韧性计分卡在规划整合协同中的应用——以美国三个沿 海地区城市为例
Applying a Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard to Practice: Experiences of Nashua, NH; Norfolk, VA; Rockport, TX

菲利普· 伯克 杰米· 马斯特森 马修· 马莱哈 著 孟久琦 译

Written by Philip Berke, Jaimie Masterson, Matthew Malecha, Translated by Meng Jiuqi

关键词:多规合一 ;城市韧性 ;灾害脆弱性 ;规划体系 ;韧性记分卡

Keywords:Muti-plan Integration; Urban Resilience; Hazard Vulnerability; Network of Plans; Resilience Scorecard

摘要:

土地利用和发展规划是减轻灾害事件和气候变化影响的关键。各城市采用多个规划法规直接或间接地应对减灾问题,而地方规划的整合可以显著影响未来面对灾害时的社区脆弱性。研究者与当地社区人员合作,共同测试并开发了韧性记分卡,使地方官员能够自我评估地方规划网络对最易发生灾害地区的关注程度,并评估地方规划的协调性。本文选择了美国沿海地区三个易受洪水和气候变化影响的城市作为试点,记录并评估了韧性记分卡应用产生的影响,包括当地规划能力、当地规划网络中减灾行动的整合水平、土地使用强度、用于减灾的公共投资以及脆弱性的变化。本文根据实践经验总结,提出应用韧性记分卡可以有效提升地区规划能力,促进规划整合,降低脆弱性。


Abstract:

Planning for land use and development is key to mitigating hazard events and the effects of climate change. Communities adopt multiple plans that directly and indirectly address hazard mitigation; the integration of local plans can significantly affect future community vulnerability to hazards. In partnership with community-based users, we tested and co-developed a Resilience Scorecard that enables local officials to self-evaluate the degree to which the network of local plans targets areas most prone to hazards, and then assess the coordination of local plans. We chronicle and evaluate the impacts of the Resilience Scorecard application process from the local prospective in three communities vulnerable to flooding and climate change, including determining changes in local capacity to proactively plan, level of integration of mitigation actions in local networks of plans, strength of land use and development regulations, public investments for mitigation, and physical and social vulnerability. According to the summary of practical experience, the application of Resilience Scorecard can effectively enhance regional planning capacity, promote planning integration and reduce vulnerability.


版权信息:本文基于美国国土安全部科学与技术局(The U.S. Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate)支持的研究项目(Grant #0031369),作者授权我刊发表中译文。
基金项目:
作者简介:

菲利普 · 伯克,北卡罗来纳大学城市与区域规划系,研究教授

杰米 · 马斯特森,美国注册规划师,得克萨斯州目标社区公关外联部,副主任 ;得克萨斯农工大学,教务长兼执行副院长

马修 · 马莱哈,得克萨斯农工大学风景园林与城市规划系,博士后


译者简介:

孟久琦,哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室,博士研究生


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