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2021年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.093
从先锋实验到历史复兴 —— 斯科普里城市发展路径转型解析
From Radical Experiment to Historical Revival: A Study on Transitional Urban Development of Skopje

汪妍泽 吴冠中 周鸣浩 伍江

Wang Yanze, Wu Guanzhong, Zhou Minghao, Wu Jiang

关键词:北马其顿 ;斯科普里 ;丹下健三 ;现代主义 ;古典主义 ;历史复兴 ; 城市规划

Keywords:The Republic of North Macedonia; Skopje; Kenzo Tange; Modernism; Classicism; Historical Revival; Urban Planning

摘要:

巴尔干半岛城市发展长期处于城市研究的视野之外,而北马其顿首都斯科普 里的城市建设又是其中一个尤为特殊的案例。百年间,经历了国家政体的频繁变革 和民族问题的此起彼伏,斯科普里作为首都,不断探索着适宜的国家形象的表达, 其中不乏如丹下健三等现代主义建筑师和规划师的参与。本文以斯科普里 1965 年与 2014 年两次城市计划为研究主体,阐述其城市建设中激进与保守的两次互斥的选择, 并分析其转型过程中的差异性和连续性,从国家形象、文化自信、决策参与城市产 业等角度剖析斯科普里从现代主义的先锋实验向古典主义的历史复兴突变的潜在原 因,为当代多元文化下的全球城市发展提供参照。

Abstract:

Balkan cities are constantly absent in researches of modern European cities. Skopje, the capital of the Republic of North Macedonia, is a unique case in Balkan cities. As political systems of the country changed during the last century, the capital city has been seeking expression of national identity for each system. Numbers of architects and urban planners, including Kenzo Tange, contributed to the urban planning of the city. The research focuses on two incompatible urban schemes in 1965 and 2014, and demonstrates their continuity and differences through a historical narrative. It analyses evolution and revolution of the city planning from radical modernism to conservative classicism in the perspectives of national image, cultural confidence, participation in decision-making and city industry, so as to reveal a path of the urban development in the background of multi-cultures of global cities.

版权信息:
基金项目:2020 年度博士后创新人才支持计划(BX20200242)、上海市“超级博士后”激励计 划(2020414)、上海市“科技创新行动计划”(19DZ1202300)共同资助
作者简介:

汪妍泽,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海市城市更新及其空间优化技术重 点实验室,博士后。wangyanze029@hotmail.com 

吴冠中(通信作者),硕士,TAG(上海)建筑设计事务所,主创建筑师 ;伦斯 勒理工大学建筑学院,硕士。arch-wgz@hotmail.com  

周鸣浩,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海市城市更新及其空间优化技术重 点实验室,副教授。zhouminghao@tongji.edu.cn  

伍江,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海市城市更新及其空间优化技术重点 实验室,教授、博导 ;同济大学常务副校长 ;法国建筑科学院院士。wujiang@ tongji.edu.cn

译者简介:

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