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2021年第6期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.532
全球城市研究的批判与反思——兼论上海的城市规划策略
A Critical Thinking and Introspection of Global City Research: Reflection on Shanghai’s Urban Planning Strategies

王晓阳 牛艳华

Wang Xiaoyang, Niu Yanhua

关键词:全球城市;后结构主义;上海;尺度重构;城市—区域

Keywords:Global City; Post-structuralism; Shanghai;Rescaling; City-Region

摘要:

1970 年代以来,全球城市研究无论从理论还是实证上都产生了丰硕的成果,并极大地影响了各国城市的空间战略规划。但在这个过程中,政策制定者存在误用、过度使用和使用陈旧理论的现象。本文分析了全球城市的概念和理论,并总结了对全球城市研究的批判,在此基础上,文章以上海为例,从后结构主义的视角,提出了“尺度重构的城市—区域”的概念。本文的研究目的在于:第一,为中国的全球城市实证研究提供研究方向指引;第二,为政策制定者提供学术依据,指出全球城市研究中的哪些理论进展更适合指导本地的城市规划。


Abstract:

Since the 1970s, global city research has produced fruitful contributions both theoretically and empirically, and has significantly influenced the spatial strategic planning of cities worldwide. However, in these processes, policy makers have misused, overused and used relatively old theories of global city for planning practices. This paper analyzes the concept and theories of global city research, and summarizes the criticism of global city research. Then, in the context of Shanghai’s urban-regional development, it proposes the concept of rescaling city-region from the post-structuralism perspective. The purposes of this paper are articulated as follows: first, it provides the guidance for the direction of empirical research in terms of China’s global cities. Second, it shows academic evidence for policy makers, indicating which theoretical progress in global city research is more appropriate for guiding urban planning at the local scale.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

王晓阳, 博士, 全球城市实验室首席研究员。pkuwxy@pku.edu.cn

牛艳华(通信作者),博士,郑州师范学院地理与旅游学院,副教授。yanhuaniu@sina.com


译者简介:

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