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2022年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.541
美国新南方城市的精明增长机制 —— 以夏洛特开放空间拓展为例
Mechanism of Smart Growth in American New South Cities: A Case Study of Charlotte’s Expansion of Open Space System

林中杰 李明峻 解文龙 邱志勇

Lin Zhongjie, Lee Ming-Chun, Xie Wenlong, Qiu Zhiyong

关键词:精明增长 ;夏洛特 ;新南方城市 ;城市演变 ;公交导向开发

Keywords:Smart Growth; Charlotte; New South City; Urban Transformation; Transit-oriented Development

摘要:

夏洛特市作为美国新南方城市的代表,在过去 20 多年间深受精明增 长理论的影响,城市经济取得长足发展,其城市结构、交通体系和开放空 间系统也发生了根本性变化。本文解析了精明增长理念引导下的规划政策 实施过程以及在公平、环境和经济方面取得的积极效应,并着重分析了在 制度和空间方面决定精明增长政策目标有效落实的影响因素,即非政府机 构“市中心合伙人”的治理方式及其引导下形成的具有明显经济社会效应 的新型开放空间形态。笔者希望从精明增长理念的视角为大中型城市在后 工业化时代的可持续发展提供具体的策略指引。

Abstract:

As one of the New South cities in the United States, Charlotte has been influenced by the smart growth theory and experienced rapid economic and population growth in the last two decades. Its urban structure, transportation system, and open space system have also undergone fundamental transformations. This paper analyzes the implementation process of planning policy on smart growth and its positive effects on equity, environment and economy. It also focuses on the factors that determine the effective implementation of smart growth policies. Charlotte Center City Partners is the key organization to guarantee the implementation of planning policy; and the Light Rail public space system represents a key area to implement the smart growth policies with positive economic and social impacts. It aims to shed new lights on the sustainable development of cities under post-industrial transition.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51878428)、宾夕法尼亚大学 CREF 中国研究基金资助
作者简介:

林中杰,博士,美国宾夕法尼亚大学设计学院副教授,博士生导师 

李明峻,博士,美国北卡罗来纳大学夏洛特分校建筑学院副教授  

解文龙,哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院博士研究生,美国宾夕法尼亚大学 设计学院联合培养博士研究生,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和 信息化部重点实验室  

邱志勇(通信作者),博士,哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院城市规划系副教 授,系主任;寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室; 美国北卡罗来纳大学夏洛特分校访问学者。qiuzhiyong@hit.edu.cn

译者简介:

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