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2022年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.065
国际大都市中心体系规划的经验与借鉴——基于五个案例城市的研究
Experience and Implications of Urban Centers Planning in International Metropolises: Based on Five Cases

晏龙旭 王德 张尚武 殷振轩 谭文垦

Yan Longxu, Wang De, Zhang Shangwu, Yin Zhenxuan, Tan Wenken

关键词:国际大都市;城市中心体系规划;空间发展;政策协调;规划传导

Keywords:International Metropolises; Urban Centers Planning; Spatial Development; Policy Coordination; Policy Transmission

摘要:

城市中心体系是城市空间结构的主要内容,如何开展规划仍处于探索阶段。本文通过梳理大伦敦、新加坡、悉尼、墨尔本、上海五个城市中心体系规划案例,首先将城市中心体系规划的总体作用总结为三个方面:回答“空间如何发展”和“规划如何引导其发展”问题,提供规划政策纵向传导的框架。再次,将城市中心体系规划的一般目标分为提升城市对外竞争力和提升城市运行效率两个方面。针对前者的策略可归纳为通过城市中心促进经济集聚,提升高等级商业中心的国际吸引力,促进创新和教育有关的竞争力;针对后者的策略可归纳为通过城市中心优化职住关系,提升生活服务便利性,优化公共交通支持。最后提出对国内相关实践的两点启示:一是将城市中心的等级规划与职能规划分开;二是可探索围绕城市中心体系构建规划政策的空间框架,实现部门政策的协调聚焦和空间结构的弹性引导。

Abstract:

Urban center is one of the core concepts in urban spatial structure. However, further studies are still required regarding how to plan urban centers. Through investigating the urban centers planning cases in five international metropolises, which are London, Singapore, Sydney, Melbourne, and Shanghai, we firstly conclude that an urban-center plan provides frameworks for urban spatial development, for how planning policies work in coordination, and for top-down policy transmission. It mainly targets at two objectives: (1) to promote the city’s external competitiveness; and (2) to improve the city’s operational efficiency. Then, several detailed goals and strategies are concluded. Finally, two implications are discussed: one is to distinguish the functional planning of urban centers from the hierarchical division; the other is to focus planning policies on the spatial structure represented by the urban centers, such as making targeted policies for different categories of centers and formulating flexible policies for potential centers. 

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(51838002),国家自然科学基金面上项目(52078352),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(22120210541)
作者简介:

晏龙旭,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,自然资源部国土空间智能规划技术重点实验室,助理教授。yanlongxu@tongji.edu.cn

王德,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,高密度人居环境生态与节能教育部重点实验室,教授,博士生导师。dewang@tongji.edu.cn

张尚武,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,高密度人居环境生态与节能教育部重点实验室,教授,博士生导师。zhshangwu@tongji.edu.cn

殷振轩,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士研究生

谭文垦,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,副研究员

译者简介:

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