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2022年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.076
价值取向与制度变迁下英国规划法律体系的演进、特征和启示
Planning Legislation of the UK Under the Transition of Value-orientation and Institution: Evolution, Characteristic and Implications

李经纬 田莉

Li Jingwei, Tian Li

关键词:规划法规;规划体系;空间规划;价值取向;制度变迁;英国

Keywords:Planning Legislation; Planning System; Spatial Planning; Value-orientation; Institution Evolution; The UK

摘要:

英国规划法律体系在政治和社会经济环境的发展变化中不断演进,呈现出较强的时效性特征,规划体系的变革日益注重高效与实用主义,同时规划权力不断下放到地方,增强公众参与,逐步形成了多方合作的空间治理机制。笔者通过分析英国规划立法和规划体系的变迁过程及特征,结合我国社会经济发展和国土空间规划体系建构现状,提出以下建议:(1)国土空间规划的立法需响应现阶段国家战略的价值取向、制度环境和治理结构;( 2)简化地方规划审批流程,促进规划实施评估的制度化;(3)设立区域规划专门机构,制定跨区域规划,促进区域协调发展;(4)实现自下而上空间治理模式的创新,倡导共识构建和其他形式的合作式规划。

Abstract:

 The planning legislation of the UK has been evolving with the changes of the political social and economic environment, showing a strong characteristic of timeliness. The reform of the planning system has paid increasing attention to efficiency and pragmatism. Meanwhile, the planning power has been continuously decentralized to local governments, and the public participation has been enhanced, gradually establishing the multi-dimensional governance mechanisms. Through analyzing the changing process of planning legislation and planning system of the UK, combining with the current situation of China’s social and economic development and construction of territorial spatial planning system, we put forward the following suggestions: firstly, the legislation of China’s spatial planning should respond to the value-orientation, institutional environment and governance structure in contemporary China. Secondly, it should simplify the local planning approval procedure and promote the institutionalization of planning implementation evaluation. Thirdly, it should set up agencies for regional planning, formulate cross-regional planning and promote coordinated development among regions. Fourthly, it should realize the innovation of bottom-up spatial governance, advocate consensus building and other forms of cooperative planning.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目(20&ZD107),北京市社会科学重点项目“北京卓越青年科学家计划”(JJWZYJH01201910003010)
作者简介:

李经纬,北京交通大学建筑与艺术学院,师资博士后。519739227@qq.com

田莉(通信作者),清华大学建筑学院城市规划系,教授,博士生导师,副系主任;清华大学建筑学院土地利用与住房政策研究中心主任


译者简介:

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