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2022年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2021.207
美国公共设施改善计划在城市更新中的应用及其启示——以密歇根州安娜堡市为例
Application and Enlightenment of Capital Improvement Planning in Urban Renewal in the US: The Case of Ann Arbor, Michigan

丁奇 周阳 张静

Ding Qi, Zhou Yang, Zhang Jing

关键词:城市更新;公共设施改善计划;发展历程;实施机制;评估;资金

Keywords:Urban Renewal; Capital Improvement Planning (CIP); Developmental Process; Implementation Mechanism; Evaluation; Funding

摘要:

城市公共设施是城市居民生活的物质基础,也是城市安全运转和经济社会发展的基本保障。本文为解决目前城市存量更新过程中存在的公共设施建设项目缺乏统筹、财政资金不足和部门条块分割带来的实施和管理混乱等问题,研究美国公共设施改善计划的内涵与发展历程,分析安娜堡市的公共设施改善计划建设机制,归纳总结其作为城市更新的实施工具所发挥的作用,包括落实总体规划目标,解决城市公共设施建设、居民需求与建设资金之间的矛盾。结合我国现状,笔者提出首先要在法律层面明确在城市更新规划中编制公共设施改善计划,并使之发挥规划引领作用;其次要建立公共设施全生命周期的精细化评估机制;再次需组建分类别公共设施实施团队,以加强部门统筹效率;最后应积极探索地方特色的多元化投融资模式,进而有效提升公共设施品质,满足人们对城市美好生活的向往。

Abstract:

Urban public facilities are the material basis of urban residents’ lives and the basic guarantee for the safe operation and the economic and social development of cities. In order to solve the problems of lacking coordination of public facilities construction projects, insufficient financial resources, and confusion in implementation and management caused by the division of departments in the process of urban renewal, this paper studies the connotation and development history of Capital Improvement Planning (CIP) in the United States and analyzes the construction mechanism of CIP in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The study summarizes its role as an implementation tool for urban renewal, including the implementation of the master plan and the resolution of conflicts between urban public facilities, residents’ needs, and construction funds. Considering the current situation in China, it proposes that firstly, the preparation of CIP should be clearly defined at the legal level in urban renewal planning and made to play a leading role in planning; secondly, a refined evaluation mechanism for the whole life cycle of public facilities should be established; thirdly, a classified public facilities implementation team needs to be formed to strengthen the efficiency of departmental coordination; finally, diversified investment and financing modes with local characteristics should be actively explored to effectively improve the quality of public facilities and meet people’s aspirations for a better life in the city. 

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作者简介:

丁奇,北京建筑大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授,博士生导师,美国密歇根大学访问学者。dingqi@bucea.edu.cn

周阳,北京建筑大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士研究生

张静,北京建工建筑设计研究院城市更新分院,高级工程师

译者简介:

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