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2022年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.158
规划协同的韧性计分卡评价方法及其在国土空间规划中的应用价值解析
Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard and Its Application Value in Spatial Planning

孙澄 解文龙

Sun Cheng, Xie Wenlong

关键词:城市韧性;韧性评价;规划政策评估;规划协同;国土空间规划;多规合一

Keywords:Urban Resilience; Resilience Assessment; Planning Policies Assessment; Plan Integration; Spatial Planning; Multiple-plan Integration

摘要:

韧性理念与规划体系的结合在降低城市脆弱性和缓解多元灾害影响中发挥着越来越重要的作用。不同于以往难以在空间层面进行应用的韧性评价方法,“规划协同的韧性计分卡评价方法”是第一个在韧性理论引导下对规划政策进行空间化和协同化评估的方法,能够评估和监测规划政策与灾害脆弱性降低的协同进展情况,从规划引领的角度自上而下地提升城市韧性。为此,本文在解析规划体系对城市韧性和灾害脆弱性影响的基础上,对规划协同的韧性计分卡评价方法的发展历程、核心操作流程和评价结果分析方式进行剖析,并结合美国北卡罗来纳州华盛顿市的应用案例进行分析论述,进而从应用价值和应用路径两个方面探讨该方法对我国新时代国土空间规划编制的启示,以期为韧性理论在市级国土空间总体规划中的应用提供借鉴。


Abstract:

The combination of resilience concept and planning system plays an increasingly important role in reducing the vulnerability of the city and mitigating the impacts from disaster. Different from other methods that cannot be applied in the spatial planning, ‘Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard’ is the first method to spatially evaluate networks of planning policies based on resilience theories. It can monitor the progress of collaborative reduction of hazard vulnerability of planning policies, and improve urban resilience from top to bottom. Therefore, after analysing the impacts of planning system on urban resilience and hazard vulnerability, this paper systematically summarizes the development stages, operation procedures and scores analysis ways of ‘Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard’, and takes Washington of North Carolina in the United States as an example to discuss its application. Then it also discusses the application approaches and prospects in spatial plan making, with a view to providing inspiration for the application of resilience concept in China’s municipal territorial spatial planning in the new era.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(51938003)
作者简介:

孙澄,哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室,教授,博士生导师。suncheng@hit.edu.cn

解文龙(通信作者),哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院、美国宾夕法尼亚大学设计学院联合培养博士研究生,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室。wenlongtse@126.com


译者简介:

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