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2022年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2022.324
空间规划的传导协同——治理视角下的国际实践与启示
Coordination in Spatial Planning: International Experience and Enlightenment from the Perspective of Governance

张立 李雯骐 汪劲柏

Zhang Li, Li Wenqi, Wang Jinbai

关键词:空间规划;国际实践;传导;协同;空间治理;规划体系

Keywords:Spatial Planning; International Practice; Transmission; Coordination; Spatial Governance; Planning System

摘要:

国土空间规划体系的建立和相关改革已进入攻坚阶段,如何有效实现规划的传导协同是其中的关键技术环节,需要对此加强经验研究。本文在介绍国际空间规划实践的趋势和理念的基础上,结合我国国土空间规划的制度环境和技术特点,以治理视角从政策、指标、控制线、用途和设施五个方面梳理了国际实践中针对规划传导的主要经验。面向我国国土空间规划改革实践的实际矛盾与需求,笔者建议:在保持中央干预能力的前提下兼顾不同层级的空间治理诉求;刚柔组合以优化传导结构;重视国土空间规划的法律法规和政策的体系性建设;利用政策引导和社会治理等工具,切实实现国土空间治理的现代化。 

Abstract:

The establishment of spatial planning system and related reforms have entered the critical stage in China. How to effectively carry out the coordination of planning is a key issue and needs to be strengthened in related empirical researches. Based on the introduction of latest trends and concepts in the practices of international spatial planning, this paper combines the institutional background and the technical characteristics in China’s spatial planning firstly, and sorts out main experience of planning coordination from the international practices from five aspects of policies, indicators, regulating lines, land use and facilities. Facing the actual reform needs of China’s spatial planning system, it is proposed to (1) take into account of the spatial governance demands of different levels while maintaining the central intervention, (2) to combine rigidity and flexibility so as to optimize the governance structure of coordination, (3) to strengthen the construction of the law and policy system, (4) to use tools such as policy guidance and social governance in order to achieve the modernization of spatial governance.


版权信息:
基金项目:中国国土勘测规划院外协项目(20211211202),同济大学2022年度理论创新课题
作者简介:

张立,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院城市规划系,自然资源部国土空间智能规划技术重点实验室,副教授,博士生导师,中国城市规划学会小城镇规划学术委员会秘书长。leonzsh@tongji.edu.cn

李雯骐,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院城市规划系,博士研究生。2110302@tongji.edu.cn

汪劲柏,博士,上海同济城市规划设计研究院有限公司,科研办主任


译者简介:

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