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2021年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.393
“儿童友好城市(社区)”的国际认证机制与欧美相关实践及理论发展
International Certification Mechanism of “Child Friendly Cities (Communities)” and Related Practices and Theoretical Developments of European and American Cities

徐梦一 蒂姆·吉尔 毛盼 田婷

Xu Mengyi, Tim Gill, Mao Pan, Tian Ting

关键词:儿童友好城市倡议;认证机制;欧美城市;“中心辐射”模型;在地化

Keywords:Child Friendly Cities Initiative; Certification Mechanisms; European and American Cities“; Hub-and-Spoke” Model; Localization

摘要:

本文首先从国际倡议的角度解析了联合国儿童基金会“儿童友好城市倡议”的起源、目标和依据,儿童友好城市(社区)认证机制,以及对城市规划的影响。然后系统介绍了由蒂姆·吉尔整理的九个欧美城市自1970 年代以来围绕该倡议的城市实践战略主题,包括主要内容、实施途径与成效,以及其提出的“中心辐射”模型,并分析了该模型与“儿童友好城市倡议”中构建要素的异同。最后结合中国儿童友好城市(社区)发展现状,提出应进一步重视“儿童友好城市倡议”的理念引导作用,辩证吸收欧美城市规划实践中的经验,探索有助于可持续发展的儿童友好城市(社区)本土构建路径。


Abstract:

This paper firstly analyzes the origin, goals and principles, certification mechanisms and the impacts on urban planning of the United Nations Children’s Fund Child Friendly Cities Initiative from the perspective of an international initiative. And this paper investigates and analyzes the themes of urban practice strategies, including main contents, implementation methods and effectiveness in nine European and American cities from 1970s. And then it proposes a new method “Hub-and-Spoke” model. It also analyzes the relationships and differences between the “Hub-and-Spoke” model and the building elements of the Child Friendly Cities Initiatives. Ultimately, it combined with the development status of Chinese Child Friendly Cities (Communities), and proposes the guiding role of the Child Friendly Cities Initiative should be further emphasized. Following the experiences of European and American urban planning practices dialectically, it is helpful to find building elements and standards and promote local sustainable development for Child Friendly Cities (Communities) in China.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51508173),国家留学基金资助
作者简介:

徐梦一,西南民族大学建筑学院,讲师;湖南大学建筑学院,博士研究生。xmy5411@swun.edu.cn

蒂姆·吉尔,伦敦独立学者,国际儿童友好城市的倡导者和顾问,学术网站Rethinking Childhood 主持人。tim@rethinkingchildhood.com

毛盼,联合国儿童基金会驻华办事处,项目官员。pmao@unicef.org

田婷(通信作者),贵州财经大学管理科学与工程学院,讲师。tianting0811@163.com


译者简介:

参考文献:
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