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2014年第2期   DOI:
英国和中国历史建筑改造更新的比较分析: 基于能源利用视角
A Comparative Study on Historic Building Regeneration Between the UK and China: A Perspective of Energy Efficiency

伊丽莎白· 布鲁克斯 安德鲁· 劳 黄凌江 著 路宁 李铠 译

Elizabeth Brooks, Andrew Law, Huang Lingjiang

关键词:旧城更新;历史建筑;能源消耗;遗迹保护;国际比较研究

Keywords:Old City Retrofitting; Historic Buildings; Energy Consumption; Heritage Conservation; International Comparative Analysis

摘要:

在英国,更新改造成为节能减排的核心政策。尽管有很多实际应用的案例,但研究表明,更新改造和政策要全面实施仍然存在许多悬而未决的问题。与此同时,在中国等发展中国家,国际生态学者、开发者和决策者指明了更新理念和政策的发展方向。但是调查初步显示,在发展中国家,更新实践的全面实施也非常困难,这是因为与更新既有普通建筑和遗产地建筑相比,地方决策者和开发者对新建设项目更感兴趣。鉴于英国是较早实施更新改造的国家,而中国是近期开始更新实践的国家,本文选择它们作为核心案例进行研究。文章揭示了两个国家在更新历史建筑时面临的不同阻碍,探索了在各自的国情下,更新改造的潜在驱动力。


Abstract:

In the UK,retrofitting,or ‘retrospective refitting’ has become a central strategy in reducing energy inefficiency and carbon emissions. However,whilst implementation has increased,research shows that there are still several problematic barriers to the full implementation and embedding of retrofitting policies. Likewise,international ecological commentators,developers and policy-makers have also pointed to the growth of retrofitting ideas and policies in modernising nations such as China; however,as investigations are beginning to show,the full implementation of retrofitting practices in modernising countries is also difficult,with local policy-makers and developers showing much more interest in new buildings,as opposed to retrofitting existing buildings and/ or heritage sites. Taking the UK and China as two key examples of earlier and more recent retrofitting cultures,this paper reflects on the different barriers to retrofitting historic buildings in these countries and explores the potential drivers for retrofitting in each of these contexts.


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作者简介:

作者: 伊丽莎白· 布鲁克斯,博士,英国纽卡斯尔大学建筑、规划和景观学院,高级讲师。Elizabeth.brooks@newcastle.ac.uk 

安德鲁· 劳,博士,英国纽卡斯尔大学建筑、规划和景观学院,高级讲师。Andrew.law@newcastle.ac.uk 

黄凌江,博士,英国纽卡斯尔大学建筑、规划和景观学院,讲师。lingjiang.huang@newcastle.ac.uk 

译者: 路宁,英国纽卡斯尔大学建筑、规划和景观学院,博士研究生 

李铠,北京大学城市与环境学院,城市与区域规划系,硕士研究生。neeskens@163.com 



译者简介:

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