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全文下载次数:3293
2014年第5期   DOI:
乡村复兴:生产主义和后生产主义下的中国乡村转型
Rural Renaissance: Rural China Transformation Under Productivism and Post-productivism

张京祥 申明锐 赵晨

Zhang Jingxiang, Shen Mingrui, Zhao Chen

关键词:乡村转型;乡村复兴;城乡关系;生产主义;后生产主义

Keywords:Rural Transformation; Rural Renaissance; Urban-Rural Relationship; Productivism; Post-productivism

摘要:

本文将改革开放以来的乡村转型总结为三个主要阶段,探讨了衰败、异化两类乡村蜕变形式,并对当前政府推动的乡村建设实践进行了剖析。文章通过中西之间的对比,认为当前中国乡村的发展面临着压缩城镇化与乡村转型的双重背景,西方乡村转型背景下的生产主义与后生产主义在中国语境下同等重要。基于此,文章超越了简单线性的乡村转型和当前乡村建设实践,提出了更加全面、深刻的“乡村复兴”概念,从内外两方面界定了其基本内涵。文章进而指出,乡村的复兴应该在产业、资本、管治、文化等方面具备多元的形式。

Abstract:

This paper summarizes the rural transformation trajectory of post-reform China into three waves. Furthermore, two extremes of contemporary rural development and two deficient types of  rural practice that initiated recently are figured out through critical review. In the comparative perspective of China and the West, we argue that rural China development is exposed in a twofold background. The western discourse of productivism and post-productivism should be both highlighted in contemporary Chinese context. Beyond linear rural transformation and  resent rural practice, this paper terms “Rural Renaissance” and defines underlying connotations to make it distinct from existing concepts. Lastly, it also notes that the rural  renaissance should have diverse forms in either industry, capital, governance, culture, and so on.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金课题(41171134)
作者简介:

张京祥,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授、博士生导师。3593786@163.com

申明锐(通讯作者),香港中文大学地理与资源管理学系, 博士研究生。shenmingr@cuhk.edu.hk

赵晨,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士研究生

译者简介:

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