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2016年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.224
恢复性自然环境对城市居民心智健康影响的荟萃分析及规划启示
A Meta-analysis of Restorative Nature Landscapes and Mental Health Benefits on Urban Residents and Its Planning Implication

陈筝 翟雪倩 叶诗韵 张颖倩 于珏

Chen Zheng, Zhai Xueqian, Ye Shiyun, Zhang Yingqian, Yu Jue

关键词:恢复性环境;注意力恢复理论;减压理论;自然健康效应

Keywords:Restorative Landscape; Attention Restoration Theory;Stress Reduction Theory; Health Benefits of Nature

摘要:

研究证明,自然对于城市居民的心智健康有一定的修复作用。为了系统性验证这种修复作用的效果,本文根据相关关键词和两篇标志性论文引用筛选出63篇相关论文,并在此基础上对其中描述统计数据汇报完整的21篇文献结论进行了量化荟萃分析。文献证据表明,人们主观上认为短时自然体验具有恢复性(标准化均值差SMD,Standardized Mean Differences=1.28),自然的这种恢复性在具体健康影响上主要体现在对情绪的有效调节(SMD=1.37)和对压力的有效减低(SMD=-1.00),但对以注意力为主认知能力改善的文献证据,目前尚不明显(SMD=0.10)且仍存在一定矛盾,需要近一步研究。

Abstract:

Evidences suggest that a negative impact of urban built environment on residents’mental health, while nature environment reveals a restorative effect on this negative impact. This study extracts 63 related papers based on keywords and citation tracking of two key references, and examines 21 literatures with complete descriptive statistics through quantitative meta-analysis. Results reveal that nature restorative effect is perceived after short-term exposure (Standardized Mean Differences, SMD=1.28).The health benefits of nature are primarily found in emotion regulation (SMD=1.37) and arousal/stress reduction (SMD=-1.00). The impact on attention and related cognitive performance is insignificant (SMD=0.10) with conflicting results which require further investigation.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51408429),浦江人才(14PJC099),同济大学高密度人居环境实验室项目,中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金,同济大学建筑设计研究院(集团)有限公司重点项目研发基金,高密度人居环境生态与节能教育部重点实验室自主与开放课题(2015KY06)共同资助
作者简介:

陈筝,博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院景观学系助理教授。zhengchen@tongji.edu.cn
翟雪倩,代尔夫特理工大学景观硕士研究生
叶诗韵,上海建工设计研究院有限公司
张颖倩,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院景观学系硕士研究生
于珏,同济大学外国语学院助理教授

译者简介:

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