点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:258
2016年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.377
1970—2000 年代韩国新村运动的内涵与运作方式变迁研究
Change of the Content and Organization of Korean Saemaeul Undong from the1970s - 2000s

金俊 金度延 赵民

Kim Jun, Kim Do Yeon, Zhao Min

关键词:韩国新村运动;发展演进;内涵与组织

Keywords:Korean Saemaul Undong; Development and Transformation; Content and Organization

摘要:

本文探究韩国新村运动的缘起、内涵及运作方式的变迁。基于1970—2000 年的历时性研究提出:第一,新村运动是从克服1960 年代产业现代化带来的城乡间的收入差距并改善农村生活环境的运动开始,扩大到生产性基础设施建设、增收项目和教育事业等,同时也逐渐扩展到了城市地区;第二,1970 年代的新村运动成果表现为农民收入的增加,在国家的倡导和援助下,通过以村庄为单位的自主活动收获了农村社会和物质资本积累的成果;第三,1980 年代以后的新村运动转变成了以民间为中心,以全国范围、全体国民为对象的教育和意识提升事业,政府仍在经济上和技术上施以支援,城乡间的收入差距亦不大;第四,在政府支援中断的1990 年代中期以后,随着农村人口高龄化和经济劳动年龄段人口大量流出,城乡间的收入差距再次拉开。为了稳定农村人口和吸引人口流入,政府主导的振兴事业仍在持续推进。


Abstract:

This paper examines the changing course of the Korea Saemaul Undong business and organization in growth period in the 1970s and stabilized period in the 1980s and so on, and compared income changes between rural community and urban community. The points after examining these courses are as follows. First, Saemaul Undong was began as rural community living environment improvement in order to overcome income gap between urban and rural community upon industry modernization in the 1960s, and expanded to production base facility and income projects, education projects, gradually expanding to urban areas. Second, the result of Saemaul Undong appeared with increase of farm household income, socially bringing the result that social overhead capital of rural community was built through spontaneous activity in village unit under nation’s adjustment. Third, Saemaul Undong after the 1980s was converted to education and consciousness reform project targeting private-centered entire country and people,

and the income gap between urban and rural community was not big until the mid-1990s with governmental support. Fourth, the income gap between urban and rural community is again being increased, along with aging of rural population and leak of economic population, after the mid-1990s when government support was suspended, and individual projects of government institutions for inflow of sedentary and floating population are still under way.


版权信息:
基金项目:同济大学人居环境生态与节能联合研究中心(TJAD)重点项目
作者简介:

金俊,工学博士,釜山大学建筑大学院研究教授。noida@hanmail.net

金度延,工学硕士,釜山大学建设融合学系建筑学系博士研究生。dayani@naver.com+

赵民(通信作者),同济大学城市规划系教授。zhaomin@tongji.edu.cn


译者简介:

参考文献:

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

2381927