2017年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.128
恢复力、弹性或韧性?—— 社会—生态系统及其相关研 究领域中“Resilience”一词翻译之辨析
A Comparative Study of Chinese Translation of Resilience Terminology in Socio-Ecological System and Its Related Research Fields

汪辉 徐蕴雪 卢思琪 任懿璐 象伟宁

Wang Hui, Xu Yunxue, Lu Siqi, Ren Yilu, Xiang Weining

关键词:Resilience ;社会—生态系统;生态环境;城市;灾害学;翻译;生态智慧

Keywords:Resilience; Socio-Ecological System; Ecology and Environment; City; Catastrophology; Translation; Ecological Wisdom




The accurate translation of foreign terminology plays an important role in the research and practice of various fields, so the accurate translation of “resilience” is of great significance to promote the research and practice of resilient urban and rural living environment based on ecological wisdom. The city is the most complex socio-ecological system, so it is necessary to put the “resilience” in the social-ecological system context when it is accurate to study the “resilience” of ecological practice of urban and rural living environment. As part of the worldwide burgeoning development of “resilience” research in socio-ecological systems, the past several years saw a rise in “resilience” research and practice in China, but Chinese academic circles had not arrived at the consensus of opinion about the translation of “resilience” terminology, and many kinds of translation vocabularies would result in the confusing understanding that was not conducive to the development of “resilience” theory and practice in China. In order to find the most suitable translation vocabulary for unification, we compare the definition of “resilience” in English dictionary with the three mainstream definitions in Chinese dictionary. After that we review the connotation of academic concept of “resilience” through international literature and do a statistic analysis and reason analysis of the translation of “resilience” through Chinese literatures in socio-ecological system and its related fields. The results show that the translation vocabulary of “韧性”is the closest to the connotation of the academic concept of “resilience”. In our view, implies a rejection of the opinion that the system would be restored to equilibrium after disturbance, and it matched with the idea that our world, as a socio-ecological system, should be stronger, more prosperous and more vitality rather than come back to the origin situation after a disaster.








  • [1] 沈清基, 象伟宁, 程相占, 等. 生态智慧与生态实践之同济宣言[J]. 城市规划学刊, 2016(5).

    [2] 邵亦文, 徐江. 城市韧性:基于国际文献综述的概念解析[J]. 国际城市规划, 2015, 30(2): 48-54.

    [3] Gallopin G C. Linkages Between Vulnerability, Resilience, and Adaptive Capacity[J]. Global Environmental Change, 2006, 16(3): 293-303.

    [4] Holling C S. Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems[J]. Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 1973, 4(4): 1-23.

    [5] Hosseini S, Barker K, Ramirez-Marquez J E. A Review of Definitions and Measures of System Resilience[J]. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 2016, 145: 47-61.

    [6] Bhamra R, Dani S, Burnard K. Resilience: The Concept, a Literature Review and Future Directions[J]. International Journal of Production Research, 2011, 49(18): 5375-5393.

    [7] Meerow S, Newell J P, Stults M. Defining Urban Resilience: A Review[J]. Landscape & Urban Planning, 2016, 147: 38-49.

    [8] Dyer J G, McGuinness T M. Resilience: Analysis of the Concept[J]. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 1996, 10(5): 276-282.

    [9] Kendra J M, Wachtendorf T. Elements of Resilience After the World Trade Center Disaster: Reconstituting New York City’s Emergency Operations Centre[J]. Disasters, 2003, 27(1): 37-53.

    [10] Palekiene O, Simanaviciene Z, Bruneckiene J. The Application of Resilience Concept in the Regional Development Context[J]. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015, 213: 179-184.

    [11] Klein R J T, Nicholls R J, Thomalla F. Resilience to Natural Hazards: How Useful is this Concept?[J]. Environmental Hazards, 2004, 5(1-2): 35-45.

    [12] Morris W. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language[M]. Houghton Mifflin Edition Isbn, 1969.

    [13] Agnes M, Laird C G. Webster’s New World Dictionary and Thesaurus[M]. Macmillan, 1998.

    [14] Ayyub B M. Systems Resilience for Multihazard Environments: Definition, Metrics, and Valuation for Decision Making[J]. Risk Analysis, 2014, 34(2): 340-355.

    [15] The Oxford Dictionary of English[M/OL]. Revised Edition. Oxford: Oxford University, 2005.[2009-10-14]. http://www.oxfordreference.com.

    [16] Windle G. What is Resilience? A Review and Concept Analysis[J]. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 2011, 21(2): 152-169.

    [17] Park C. A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation[M/OL]. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.[2009-10-14]. http: //www.oxfordreference.com.

    [18] The Collins English Dictionary [M/OL]. 10th ed. London: Collins, 2010. [2010-06-22]. http://www. collinsenglishlanguage.com.

    [19] Cao M. Transportation Resilience: A Summative Review on Definition and Connotation[C]. International Conference on Automation, Mechanical Control and Computational Engineering, 2015: 1127-1132.

    [20] 《新英汉词典》编写组. 新英汉词典(增补本)[M]. 上海译文出版社, 1985: 1144.

    [21] 夏征农, 陈至立. 辞海(典藏本)[M]. 上海辞书出版社, 2011.

    [22] 夏征农, 陈至立. 大辞海· 语词卷[M]. 上海辞书出版社, 2011.

    [23] 《汉语大词典》编纂处. 汉语大词典(全24 册)[M]. 上海辞书出版社, 2011.

    [24] McAslan A. The Concept of Resilience: Understanding Its Origins, Meaning and Utility[J]. Adelaide: Torrens Resilience Institute, 2010: 1-13.

    [25] Tredgold T. On the Transverse Strength and Resilience of Timber[J]. Philosophical Magazine, 1818, 51(239): 214-216.

    [26] Fairbairn W S. Treaties on Iron Ship Building: Its History and Progress as Comprised in a Series of Experimental Researches on the Laws of Strain[M]. Longmans, Green & Co., 1865.

    [27] Mallet R. On the Physical Conditions Involved in the Construction of Artillery: With an Investigation of the Relative and Absolute Values of the Materials Principally Employed, and of Some Hitherto Unexplained Causes of the Destruction of Cannon in Service[M]. Longmans, Brown, Green, and Roberts, 1856.

    [28] Merriman M. A Text-book on the Mechanics of Materials, and of Beams, Columns, and Shafts[M]. John Wiley & Sons, 1904.

    [29] Gere J M, Goodno B J. Mechanics of Materials[M]. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1972.

    [30] Gunderson L H, Holling C S. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Systems of Humans and Nature[M]. Washington: The Island Press, 2002.

    [31] Dearing J A. Landscape Change and Resilience Theory: A Palaeoenvironmental Assessment from Yunnan, SW China[J]. Holocene, 2008, 18(1): 117-127.

    [32] Brand F S, Jax K. Focusing the Meaning(s) of Resilience: Resilience as a Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object[J]. Ecology & Society, 2007, 12(1): 181-194.

    [33] Holling C S. Engineering Resilience Versus Ecological Resilience[J]. Engineering within Ecological Constraints, 1996: 31-44.

    [34] Stelter C, Reich M, Grimm V, et al. Modelling Persistence in Dynamic Landscapes: Lessons from a Metapopulation of the Grasshopper Bryodema Tuberculata[J]. Journal of Animal Ecology, 1997, 66(4): 508-518.

    [35] P?cillo,M. The Concept of Resilience in OSH Management: A Review of Approaches[J]. International Journal of Occupational Safety & Ergonomics Jose, 2015, 22(2): 1-14.

    [36] Folke C. Resilience: The Emergence of a Perspective for Social-Ecological Systems Analyses[J]. Global Environmental Change, 2006, 16(3): 253-267.

    [37] Walker B, Holling C S, Carpenter S R, et al. Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability in Social-ecological Systems[J]. Ecology & Society, 2004, 9(2): 3438-3447.

    [38] Folke C, Carpenter S R, Walker B, et al. Resilience Thinking: Integrating Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability[J]. Ecology & Society, 2010, 15(4): 299-305.

    [39] 汪辉, 任懿璐, 卢思琪, 等. 以生态智慧引导下的城市韧性应对洪涝灾害的威胁与发生[J]. 生态学报, 2016, 36(16): 4958-4960.

    [40] 吉尔贝托·C· 加洛潘, 巴勃罗· 古特曼, 埃克托尔· 马莱塔, 等. 关于全球性贫困、持久发展和环境问题的理论研究方法[J]. 国际社会科学杂志( 中文版), 1990(03): 85-108.

    [41] 任海, 邬建国, 彭少麟, 等. 生态系统管理的概念及其要素[J]. 应用生态学报, 2000,11(3): 455-458.

    [42] 刘志民, 赵晓英, 刘新民. 干扰与植被的关系[J]. 草业学报, 2002, 11(4): 1-9.

    [43] 徐瑱, 祁元, 齐红超, 等. 社会—生态系统框架(SES) 下区域生态系统适应能力建模研究[J]. 中国沙漠, 2010, 30(5): 1174-1181.

    [44] 韩博平. 生态系统稳定性: 概念及其表征[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 1994(02): 37-45.

    [45] 周华坤, 赵新全, 赵亮, 等. 青藏高原高寒草甸生态系统的恢复能力[J]. 生态学杂志, 2008, 27(5): 697-704.

    [46] 丁运华. 关于生态恢复几个问题的讨论[J]. 中国沙漠, 2000, 20(3): 341-344.

    [47] 陆丽珍, 詹远增, 叶艳妹, 等. 基于土地利用空间格局的区域生态系统健康评价——以舟山岛为例[J]. 生态学报, 2010, 30(1): 245-252.

    [48] 葛怡, 史培军, 周忻, 等. 水灾恢复力评估研究:以湖南省长沙市为例[J]. 北京师范大学学报( 自然科学版), 2011, 47(2): 197-201.

    [49] 刘健, 赵思翔, 刘晓. 城市供水系统弹性应对策略与仿真分析[J]. 系统工程理论与实践, 2015, 10: 2637-2645.

    [50] 孙少文, 杨斌, 胡志华, 等. 台风灾害下城市应急策略对城市应急能力的影响[J]. 灾害学, 2014, 29(2): 204-212.

    [51] 彭翀, 袁敏航, 顾朝林, 等. 区域弹性的理论与实践研究进展[J]. 城市规划学刊, 2015(01): 84-92.

    [52] 杨阳, 林广思. 海绵城市概念与思想[J]. 南方建筑, 2015(03): 59-64.

    [53] 刘丹. 建设弹性城市:城市发展阈值阶段的规划新思维[C] // 中国城市规划学会、贵阳市人民政府. 新常态:传承与变革——2015 中国城

    市规划年会论文集(03 城市规划历史与理论). 中国城市规划学会, 贵阳市人民政府, 2015: 11.

    [54] 刘丹, 华晨. 浅析应对气候变化的弹性设计策略[J]. 华中建筑, 2015(01): 107-111.

    [55] 倪敏东, 许艳玲. 适应气候变化的公共空间规划——来自伦敦卡姆登区的经验[J]. 国际城市规划, 2010(01): 47-52.

    [56] 张天尧. 生态学视角下健康城市规划理论框架的构建[J]. 规划师, 2015(06): 20-26.

    [57] 徐江, 邵亦文. 韧性城市: 应对城市危机的新思路[J]. 国际城市规划, 2015, 30(2): 1-3.

    [58] 刘堃, 仝德, 金珊, 等. 韧性规划· 区间控制· 动态组织——深圳市弹性规划经验总结与方法提炼[J]. 规划师, 2012, 28(5): 36-41.

    [59] 李超楠. 面向绿色基础设施的城市规划弹性研究[D]. 大连理工大学, 2014.

    [60] 沈果毅, 刘旭辉, 蒋姣龙. 转型发展期城市规划市场适应性探讨——以中国( 上海) 自由贸易试验区规划为例[J]. 上海城市规划, 2014(04): 34-41.

    [61] 辜正坤. 外来术语翻译与中国学术问题[J]. 中国翻译, 1998, 35(6): 17-22.

    [62] Biggs R, Schlüter M, Schoon M L. Principles for Building Resilience: Sustaining Ecosystem Services in Social-Ecological Systems[M]. Cambridge University Press, 2015: 143.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223