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2017年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.128
恢复力、弹性或韧性?—— 社会—生态系统及其相关研究领域中“Resilience”一词翻译之辨析
A Comparative Study of Chinese Translation of Resilience Terminology in Socio-Ecological System and Its Related Research Fields

汪辉 徐蕴雪 卢思琪 任懿璐 象伟宁

Wang Hui, Xu Yunxue, Lu Siqi, Ren Yilu, Xiang Weining

关键词:Resilience ;社会—生态系统;生态环境;城市;灾害学;翻译;生态智慧

Keywords:Resilience; Socio-Ecological System; Ecology and Environment; City; Catastrophology; Translation; Ecological Wisdom

摘要:

外文术语的准确翻译在各个领域的研究与实践中占有举足轻重的地位,其中“resilience”一词的准确翻译,对于推动基于生态智慧的韧性城乡人居环境建设的研究与实践具有重要作用。城市是一个最为复杂的社会—生态系统,因此在研究城乡人居环境建设生态实践时,“resilience”的准确翻译必须置于社会—生态系统语境下完成。虽然近年来受到国外社会—生态系统及其相关领域的影响,国内相关研究也开始兴起并产生了较多的研究成果,但是国内学术界对“resilience”的译法没有形成一致,而多种译法会造成认识上的混乱而不利于理论与实践的发展。为此笔者对照了英文字典中“resilience”与中文字典中恢复力、弹性与韧性的释义,对目前这三种主流的译法进行了辨析;同时解析了国外文献中该词的学术概念和内涵,并对国内社会—生态系统及其相关领域文献中该词的翻译情况进行了统计与原因分析。结果表明,“resilience”统一翻译成“韧性”最接近其学术概念内涵的主流认识。笔者认为,相对于恢复力与弹性,韧性一词包含了对系统经干扰后恢复到平衡状态观点的扬弃,彰显了作为社会—生态系统的人类世界显然不应该是在灾难后恢复到原点,而是经受灾难后变得更强大、更繁荣、更具有生命力之含义。


Abstract:

The accurate translation of foreign terminology plays an important role in the research and practice of various fields, so the accurate translation of “resilience” is of great significance to promote the research and practice of resilient urban and rural living environment based on ecological wisdom. The city is the most complex socio-ecological system, so it is necessary to put the “resilience” in the social-ecological system context when it is accurate to study the “resilience” of ecological practice of urban and rural living environment. As part of the worldwide burgeoning development of “resilience” research in socio-ecological systems, the past several years saw a rise in “resilience” research and practice in China, but Chinese academic circles had not arrived at the consensus of opinion about the translation of “resilience” terminology, and many kinds of translation vocabularies would result in the confusing understanding that was not conducive to the development of “resilience” theory and practice in China. In order to find the most suitable translation vocabulary for unification, we compare the definition of “resilience” in English dictionary with the three mainstream definitions in Chinese dictionary. After that we review the connotation of academic concept of “resilience” through international literature and do a statistic analysis and reason analysis of the translation of “resilience” through Chinese literatures in socio-ecological system and its related fields. The results show that the translation vocabulary of “韧性”is the closest to the connotation of the academic concept of “resilience”. In our view, implies a rejection of the opinion that the system would be restored to equilibrium after disturbance, and it matched with the idea that our world, as a socio-ecological system, should be stronger, more prosperous and more vitality rather than come back to the origin situation after a disaster.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题“绿色基础设施生态系统服务功能提升与生态安全格局构建”(2017YFC0505705)与“青蓝工程”共同资助
作者简介:

汪辉,南京林业大学风景园林学院,教授。nfu-wh@163.com

徐蕴雪,南京林业大学风景园林学院,硕士研究生

卢思琪,南京林业大学风景园林学院,硕士研究生

任懿璐,南京林业大学风景园林学院,硕士研究生

象伟宁(通信作者),同济大学建筑与城市规划学院生态智慧与生态实践研究中心,主任;美国北卡罗莱纳大学夏洛特分校,教授。wnxiang@tongji.edu.cn


译者简介:

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