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2017年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2015.255
城市自然保育规划决策困境——以香港沙螺洞为例
The Dilemma of Urban Natural Conservation Planning: The Case of Sha Lo Tung, Hong Kong

李劼 刘建政 李卫锋

Li Jie, Liu Jianzheng, Li Weifeng

关键词:城市自然保育;规划决策;生态保护规划;香港

Keywords:Urban Natural Conservation; Planning Decision; Ecological Protection Planning; Hong Kong

摘要:

生态文明背景下,城市的自然保护与生态规划成为城市规划的一项重点工作。然而由于快速城镇化时期土地的稀缺性,城市发展与自然保护之间存在剧烈矛盾,涉及多方利益相关者的不同诉求。因此对于城市生态保护的空间管制不仅是一项技术规划,更是根植于当地制度框架与经济社会文化背景之中的复杂规划决策。本文以香港新界沙螺洞近30 年来面临的保育与发展之间的矛盾为案例,在考察香港自然保育政策、规划及法律法规的制度框架基础上,采用“效率性”、“公平性”、“有效性”、“合法性”的综合分析框架对案例中三个规划决策进行分析,关注制度构建下不同参与方的利益冲突与决策制定的复杂性,力求对城市自然保育规划决策困境的成因获得更加全面深入的理解。


Abstract:

In the context of ecological civilization, urban natural conservation and ecological planning have become an important part of urban planning. However, due to land scarcity, there exists a severe conflict between urban development and natural conservation, which involves different appeals among different stakeholders. Therefore, spatial regulation for urban ecological conservation is not only a matter of technical planning, but a complex planning decision embedded in the local institutional framework and economic, social, and cultural context. Sha Lo Tung, located in New Territory region of Hong Kong, has been faced with dilemmas of planning making between development and conservation over the past thirty years. Taking it as a case, this study analyzes the three planning decisions regarding its development and conservation through an analytical framework focusing on “efficiency”, “equity”, “effectiveness” and “legitimacy”, based on the natural conservation policy, planning, and rules and laws in Hong Kong. It aims to gain a deep understanding of the dilemmas of urban natural conservation, through the examination of the institutionally constructed interests and conflicts of different stakeholders as well as the complexity of environmental related planning decision making


版权信息:
基金项目:香港大学种子基金研究计划(201511159133)
作者简介:

李劼,博士,香港大学建筑学院城市规划与设计系。jie.1. li@kcl. ac. uk

刘建政(通信作者),博士,香港大学建筑学院城市规划与设计系。jzliu@connect.hku.hk

李卫锋,博士,香港大学建筑学院城市规划与设计系,助理教授。wfli@hku.hk


译者简介:

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