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2017年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.323
设计城市,设计学院 —— 宾大传统的重生与改革纵横谈
Designing Cities and the Academy

盖里· 哈克

Gary Hack

关键词:城市设计;城市发展;反思性实践;规划教育;学院变革;实践实体

Keywords:Urban Design; Urban Development; Reflective Practice; Planning Education; Academic Change; Practice Entities

摘要:

城市设计的中心任务是构想出一座城市建成环境的未来。而设计理论同样可以对一个学院产生重要影响,就像街区和街道影响城市生活那样有力。本文中,作者记录了自己从事设计城市和在规划院校中设计学术课程的职业生涯。重建规划实践与学院教育的联系是创造更有价值的城市设计知识和理论的基本策略。学习过程大多通过对有说服力的案例以及对其成功或失败的反思来实现。设计也是一项合作行为,围绕一个激发团队行动的愿景共同开展。当今规划教育工作者与规划从业人员都面临新的挑战,包括全球实践的知识需求,以及通过拓展规划视野来掌握开发实践的需求。他们也可以通过跨学科界限及跨国界的观察而获得裨益。


Abstract:

Urban design is centrally about imagining a future for the built environment of a city. But design methods can also help shape institutions, which structure life as powerfully as blocks and streets. In this article, the author chronicles a career spent designing places and academic programs in planning schools. Reconnecting planning practice with the academy is an essential strategy for creating more grounded knowledge and theories about urban design. Learning occurs largely through persuasive examples and by reflecting on their successes and failures. Design is also a collaborative act, developing consensus around a vision that inspires groups to act. New challenges face today’s educators and practitioners, including the knowledge needed to practice internationally and the need to expand planning horizons to master development practices. There is also much to be gained by working across disciplinary lines, and by looking beyond national boundaries.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51778078),重庆市基础科学与前沿技术研究一般项目 (cstc2015jcyjA00051),重庆市研究生教改重点项目(yjg132028)
作者简介:

盖里· 哈克,宾夕法尼亚大学设计学院名誉教授,设计学院前院长。gahack@design.upenn.edu


译者简介:

黄瓴,重庆大学建筑城规学院规划系/ 山地城镇建设与新技术教育部重点实验室教授,美国宾夕法尼亚大学设计学院/ 宾大城市研究院访问学者(2011-2012)。hwawa1025@vip.163.com


参考文献:
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    参考盖里·哈克的其他论著

    [1] Barnett, J., & Hack G. (2000). Urban Design. In C. J. Hoch, L. C. Dalton,

    & F. S. So (Eds.), The Practice of Local Government Planning (3rd ed.,

    pp. 307-340). Washington, DC: American City Planning Management

    Association.

    [2] Hack, G. (1995). Discovering Suburban Values Through Design Review. In

    B. C. Scheer & W. F. E. Preiser (Eds.), Design Review: Challenging Urban

    Aesthetic Control (pp. 75-84). London, UK: Chapman and Hall.

    [3] Hack, G. (2001). Planning Metropolitan Regions. In Jonathan Barnett (Ed.),

    Planning for a New Century (pp. 31-45). Washington, DC: Island Press.

    [4] Hack, G. (2012). Shaping Urban Form. In B. Sanyal, L. J. Vale, & C. D.

    Rosan (Eds.), History of Planning Ideas: Livability, Territoriality, Governance

    and Reflective Practice (pp. 33-63). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

    [5] Hack, G. (2014). Designing Intelligent Cities. In W. Zhu (Ed.), Urban

    Design (pp. 45-62). Beijing, China: Tsinghua University Press.

    [6] Hack, G., Birch, E. L., Sedway, P. H., & Silver, M. J. (Eds.). (2009). Local

    Planning. Washington, DC: International City Management Association.

    [7] Shi Z, Lin Z, & Hack, G. (2006). Urban Design in the Global Perspective.

    Beijing, China: Building Industry Press.

    [8] Simmonds, R., & Hack G., Eds. (2000). Global City Regions: Their

    Emerging Forms. London, UK: Spon Press.


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