点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:10
2018年第3期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.050
“城市繁荣指数”体系:指标、分析及政策的联结
A Framework for “City Prosperity Index”: Linking Indicators, Analysis and Policy

黄燕玲

Cecilia Wong

关键词:城市繁荣指数;联合国人居署;指标;城市规划;空间动态;城市变化

Keywords:City Prosperity Index; UN-Habitat; Indicators; Urban Planning; Spatial Dynamics; Urban Change

摘要:

本文为制定“城市繁荣指数”提出了一个更稳健和灵活的框架,力求让指标和数据分析与城市规划师及政府决策者的政策需求实现关联。联合国人居署新近制定的“城市繁荣指数”,突出了“以人为本”的城市繁荣,采用的是更为渐进与平衡的政策议程,此举已引入一种更全面的政策路径,将生产力、基础设施、生活质量、平等与社会包容,以及环境的可持续性整合为一个贯通的体系。以这个国际性议程为基础,“城市繁荣指数”的概念和方法论体系仍有可修正和提升的空间。或许我们也能以渐近的方式,让它成为更理想的政策工具,使其能真正应对城市所面临的诸多挑战,让不同区域的城市在各自的社会—空间情境下,实现可持续的繁荣。

Abstract:

This paper argues for a more robust and flexible framework to develop the “City Prosperity Index” (CPI), which aims to connect indicators and analytical intelligence with the policy needs of urban planners and government strategists. The adoption of a more progressive and balanced agenda of ‘people-centred’ urban prosperity in the UNHabitat’s newly developed CPI has already led to a more holistic approach to integrating productivity, infrastructure, quality of life, equity and social inclusion, and environmental sustainability into a coherent framework. Building on this international agenda, there is still scope to critically revise and improve the conceptual and methodological framework of the CPI, probably in an incremental manner, to make it a more tailored policy instrument that can truly address the different sets of challenges faced by cities in different regions under different socio-spatial contexts to achieve sustainable prosperity.

版权信息:本文原载于《国际人居》2015 年 第45 卷(第1期)(Habitat International, 45[1]: 3-9),爱思唯尔出版社授权作者在我刊发表中译文
基金项目:
作者简介:

黄燕玲,英国曼彻斯特大学规划与环境管理学系,空间规划教授;曼彻斯特都市研究所空间政策与分析实验室

译者简介:

张丞国,博士,中山大学城市化研究院兼职研究人员

参考文献:
  • [1] BAGOLIN I P, COMIM F V. Human Development Index (HDI) and its family of indexes: an evolving critical review[J]. Revista de Economia, 2008, 34(2): 7-28.
    [2] BODDY M. Geographical economics and urban competitiveness: a critique[J]. Urban Studies, 1999, 36(5/6): 811-842.
    [3] BREHENY M, ed. The People: Where Will They Work?[R]. London: Town and Country Planning Association, 1999.

    [4] CARTER H. The study of urban geography[M]. 3rd edition. London: Edward Arnold, 1981.
    [5] CARLISLE E. The conceptual structure of social indicators[M] // SHONFIELD A, SHAW S, eds. Social indicators and social policy, published for the Social Science Research Council. London: Heinemann Educational Books, 1972.
    [6] CASTELLS M. The information city[M]. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.
    [7] CASTELLS M. Why the megacities focus? megacities in the new world disorder[M/OL] // PERLMAN J, O’MEARA S, eds. The state of the world – our urban future, 2007: 1-16.
    http://www.megacitiesproject.org.
    [8] CHENG J, BERTOLINI L, CLERCQ F l, et al. Understanding urban networks: comparing a node-, a density- and an accessibility-based view[J]. Cities, 2013, 31: 165-176.
    [9] DAVY B. Plan it without a condom![J]. Planning Theory, 2008(7): 301–317.
    [10] DEAS I, GIORDANO B. Conceptualising and measuring urban competitiveness in major English cities: an exploratory approach[J]. Environment and Planning A, 2001, 33(8), 1411–1429.
    [11] FINDLAY A, ROGERSON R, MORRIS A. In what sense ‘indicators’ of quality of life?[J]. Built Environment, 1989, 14(2): 96-106.
    [12] FUKUDA-PARR S. The human development programme: operationalizing Sen’s ideas on capabilities[J]. Feminist Economics, 2003, 9(2-3): 301-317.
    [13] GREER S. The logic of social inquiry[M]. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.
    [14] INNES J. Knowledge and public policy: the search of meaningful indicators[M]. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1990.
    [15] KINGSTON R. Public participation in local policy decision-making: the role of web-based mapping[J]. The Cartographic Journal, 2007, 44(2): 138-144.
    [16] UL HAQ M. Reflections on human development[J]. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
    [17] RAE A, WONG C. Monitoring spatial planning policies: towards an analytical, adaptive and spatial approach to a ‘wicked problem’[J]. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 2012, 39: 880-896.
    [18] RITTEL H, WEBBER M. Dilemmas in a general theory of planning[J]. Policy Sciences, 1973, 4: 155-169.
    [19] ROBSON B, PARKINSON M, BODDY M, et al. The state of English cities[R]. London: Department for Environment, Transport and the Regions, 2000.
    [20] ROGERSON R J. Quality of life and city competitiveness[J]. Urban Studies, 1999, 36(5-6): 969-985.
    [21] RWI: Rheinisch-Westf?lisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, German Institute of Urban Aff airs – DIFU, NEA Transport Research and Training, Policy Research and Consultancy – PRAC. Urban Audit II: Second State of European Cities Report[R]. Research Project for the European Commission, DG Regional Policy. Essen, Germany: RWI, 2010.
    [22] TAO R, SU F, LIU M, et al. Land leasing and local public finance in China’s regional development: evidence from prefecture-level cities[J]. Urban Studies, 2010, 47(10): 2217-2236.
    [23] TAYLOR M. Communities in the lead: power, organisational capacity and social capital[J]. Urban Studies, 2000, 37(5): 1019-1035.
    [24] UNDP: United Nations Development Programme. Human development report 2001: making new technologies work for human development[R]. New York and Oxford: UNDP, 2001.
    [25] UNDP: United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Report 2013 - The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World[R]. New York: UNDP, 2013.
    [26] UN-Habitat: United Nations Human Settlements Programme. State of the World’s Cities 2012/13: Prosperity of Cities[R]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNHABITAT, 2012.
    [27] WESTFALL M S, DE VILLA V A. Urban Indicators for Managing Cities: Cities Data Book[R]. Manila: Asian Development Bank, 2001.
    [28] WONG C. The relationship between quality of life and local economic development: an empirical study of local authority areas in England[J]. Cities, 2001, 18: 25-32.
    [29] WONG C. Developing indicators to inform local economic development in England[J]. Urban Studies, 2002, 39(10): 1833-1863.
    [30] WONG C. Quantitative indicators for urban and regional planning: the interplay of policy and methods[M]. Royal Town Planning Institute Library Book Series. London: Routledge, 2006.
    [31] WONG C, WATKINS C. Conceptualising spatial planning outcomes: towards an integrative measurement framework[J]. Town Planning Review, 2009, 80(4/5): 481-516.
    [32] WONG C, GIBB K, MCGREAL S, et al. Housing and neighbourhood monitor 2011: fragility and recovery[M/OL]. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Bristol: Policy Press, 2011.
    www.hnm.org.uk for access to the maps and charts in the analysis.
    [33] WONG C, JEFFERY P, GREEN A, et al. Development of Town and City Indicators: Review, Interpretation and Analysis[R]. London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, 2002.
    [34] WONG C, BAKER M, HINCKS S, et al. A Map for England: Spatial Expression of Government Policies and Programmes[R/OL]. London: the Royal Town Planning Institute, 2012.
    http://www.rtpi.org.uk/knowledge/core-issues/map-for-england/.
    [35] World Bank. World Development Indicators: 2013[R]. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2013.
    [36] ZHANG T. Land market forces and government’s role in sprawl: the case of China[J]. Cities, 2000, 17: 123-135.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

2503172