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2018年第3期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.508
传统田园的现代演绎:荷兰兰斯塔德乡村地区建设策略
Modern Deduction of Traditional Farmland: The Construction Strategy of Randstad Rural Area in the Netherlands

王宁

Wang Ning

关键词:兰斯塔德;乡村景观;开放空间保护;休闲功能

Keywords:Randstad; Rural Landscape; Open Space Protection; Leisure Function

摘要:

在中国休闲经济和消费时代背景下,大城市周边乡村地区所展现出的生态和经济价值越来越受到人们关注,有关城郊乡村地区保护与建设方式的探讨也在不断增加。荷兰兰斯塔德作为开放型城市群的典范,其当代乡村建设策略具有较强的示范和借鉴意义。本文分别从景观塑造、保护机制和功能组织等三个方面,梳理兰斯塔德乡村的现阶段特征与建设策略,并提出以下结论:第一,兰斯塔德田园景观在经历农业现代化进程之后,逐渐向传统与质朴的营建理念回归;第二,尽管兰斯塔德城市群在不同历史时期面临不同问题,但对于区域结构性绿地的保护贯彻始终;第三,兰斯塔德乡村的休闲功能正在不断强化与完善,并且由多层次的空间系统和慢行网络进行支撑。本文旨在探索国际成功经验,为我国类似地区提供有益参考。

Abstract:

Under the background of leisure economy and consumption in China, the ecological and economic value of rural areas around the big cities has drawn more and more attention. The discussion on the way of protection and construction of rural areas in suburban areas is also increasing. As a typical model of the open agglomeration, the construction strategy of the Randstad has a strong demonstration and reference significance for the contemporary village. This paper reviews the current features and construction strategies of the Randstad rural area, from the three aspects of landscape construction, protection method and functional organization. The author puts forward the following conclusions. First, after the agricultural modernization,  the Randstad farmland landscape gradually returned to traditional and simple construction. Second, although the Randstad agglomeration faced with different problems in different historical periods, the protection of regional structural green space has been maintained. Third, the Randstad rural leisure function has been constantly strengthened and improved, and it is supported by multi-layer space system and slow traffic network. The purpose of this paper is to explore international successful experience and provide useful reference for similar areas in China.

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作者简介:

王宁,中国城市规划设计研究院,城市规划师。wangningcaupd@163.com

译者简介:

参考文献:
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