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2018年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.039
步行性评价方法与工具的国际经验
International Experiences of Tools and Approaches for Assessment of Walkability

刘涟涟 尉闻

Liu Lianlian, Wei Wen

关键词:步行性;步行环境评价;可步行指数

Keywords:Walkability; Assessment for Walking Environment; Walkable Index

摘要:

步行性反映了一个地区建成环境的步行友好程度。步行性测量与评价的系统方法是改善地区步行环境品质的重要部分。目前,欧美几个主要发达国家已开发了多种用于评价步行性的方法与工具。本文首先解释了步行性的起源与概念,并概述了步行性评价方法的发展历程;进一步探讨了欧美主要的步行性评价范围、指标与标准设置;最后比较了各类步行性评价方法与工具的特征与差异。这将为构建适宜我国城市步行性评价系统提供可资借鉴的经验。

Abstract:

Walkability  reflects the degree of pedestrian friendliness of built environment. A systematic approach for assessing and measuring Walkability is important to improve the quality of walking conditions. Nowadays, some developed countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and New Zealand have developed some tools to assess Walkability. This paper first explains the origin and concept of Walkability and outlines the history of these instruments of Walkability, then explores the study scope, walkable index and standards setting of Walkability in these instruments, and discusses the characteristics and differences between the assessment instruments at last. This will provides valuable experiences for us to build a suitable system to assess the Walkability in cities and towns of China.

版权信息:
基金项目:教育部高等学校博士点专项科研基金(20120041120054),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(DUT14RW119),国家自然科学基金(51278075),国家自然科学基金(51608089)共同资助
作者简介:

刘涟涟,大连理工大学,建筑与艺术学院副教授。liulianlian@dlut.edu.cn
尉闻,大连理工大学,建筑与艺术学院硕士研究生

译者简介:

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