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2018年第5期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.274
英国大伦敦地区建筑高度控制探析
Research on Building Height Control of Greater London in England

王卉 谭纵波 刘健

Wang Hui, Tan Zongbo, Liu Jian

关键词:大伦敦;建筑高度;控制;历史环境保护;发展规划

Keywords:Greater London; Building Height; Control; Historic Environment Preservation; Development Plans

摘要:

建筑高度是城市形态和整体风貌的一种体现,特别是历史悠久的城市,控制建筑高度是保护城市历史空间特征的重要手段。但对于承担区域中心职能的大城市而言,单纯扼制城市高度的增加难以满足社会经济发展对土地开发容量的需求。以大伦敦地区为例,在城乡规划体系的背景下研究建筑高度控制的理念和手段,探讨拥有悠久历史的大城市如何在保护城市历史空间环境和促进土地开发之间寻找平衡。英国的城乡规划体系以发展规划为政策指导,以开发许可制度为实施机制,在此背景下的高度控制逐渐形成一个多层面的控制体系。其中界定建筑高度的属性,建立高度控制与规划目的的关联,明确高度控制的边界和范畴,在城市空间上区分不同的控制力度和方法值得我国城市规划借鉴。


Abstract:

Building height is the reflection of urban form and landscape. Especially in historical cities, the control of building height is an important method to protect traditional features. Meanwhile, the building height reflects social and economic development’ demands on land, so it is impractical to prohibit the increase of building height in international cities. Taking the Greater London as an example, this paper discusses how to balance the protection of historical environment and promote land development in a large historical city. According to the urban planning system of London, the development plans works as policy guidance and the development permission works as the implementation mechanism. In this context, the control of building height is a multilayer system including defining the nature of height, connecting the height control and purpose, clarifying the boundary of height control, distinguishing the method and degree of control. These methods are worth studying in the urban planning and management in China.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51278265)
作者简介:

王卉,北方工业大学建筑与艺术学院讲师。likun_04@163.com

谭纵波,清华大学建筑学院教授,博士生导师

刘健,清华大学建筑学院长聘副教授,博士生导师


译者简介:

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