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2018年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.584
身体:一个研究和解决城市问题的重要视角
Bringing Bodies into Urban Studies: A Critical Perspective for Solving Urban Problems

蔡少燕 陶伟

Cai Shaoyan, Tao Wei

关键词:身体;具身性;城市研究;身体地理学

Keywords:Body; Embodiment; Urban Studies; Body Geography

摘要:

身体是城市文明发展的刻印体,身体与城市从一开始便密不可分。从古希腊古罗马到现代城市两千多年的历史长河中,身体经历了自由—沉睡—受压制—再苏醒—受破坏—重新认识的阶段。身体创造了城市,城市的一切活动由身体出发,并经受身体的使用和检验。通过对26 种国际权威期刊275 篇相关文献的梳理,发现1994—2016年间,有关身体与城市的研究积累主要从两个层面展开。一,从身体的视角研究城市,研究议题包括城市公共空间体验、城市公共服务设施、城市交通和建筑设计与城市布局等。二,从城市的视角研究身体,研究议题包括移动的身体、健康的身体、肥胖的身体和特殊群体的身体等。身体成为研究和解决城市问题的重要视角和途径。

Abstract:

Body can be considered as a sign representing the development of urban civilization, and they bound up with each other for hundreds of years. From Ancient Greece and Rome to modern city, about two thousand years, the body goes through the period of freedom- sleeping-suppressed-awakeneddestroyed-understanding. Drawing on an overview of 275 papers published from 1994-2016 in 26 international authoritative journals, this paper believes the body-city study can be generalized into two levels. First, studying the city from the perspective of bodies, which includes urban public space experience, urban public service facilities, urban transportation, architectural design and urban layout; second, studying the body from the perspective of cities, which includes moving body, healthy body, fat body and the body of the special groups. This paper argues that the body becomes an important perspective and a way to study and solve urban problems.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630635),国家自然科学基金项目(41271178),华南师范大学“挑战杯”金种子培育项目(18DKKA01)
作者简介:

蔡少燕,华南师范大学地理科学学院,华南师范大学文化产业与文化地理研究中心,硕士研究生。clara_csy@126.com
陶伟(通信作者),华南师范大学地理科学学院,华南师范大学文化产业与文化地理研究中心,教授,博士生导师。muyang426@hotmail.com

译者简介:

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