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2018年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.298
洛杉矶雾霾事件的城市规划应对之启示
Inspirations from the Urban Planning Responses in the Smog Event of Los Angeles

蒋希冀

Jiang Xiji

关键词:洛杉矶;雾霾事件;健康城市;城市规划;经验与启示

Keywords:Los Angeles; Smog Event; Healthy Cities; Urban Planning; Experience and Inspirations

摘要:

目前我国许多城市正遭受严重的大气污染,城市健康发展和居民身心健康正面临严重威胁。半个世纪前的洛杉矶政府在经历严重雾霾事件的过程中,协调多方利益诉求,采取积极的管治措施及公共政策,极大地改善了其大气环境。笔者基于事件流分析方法,从洛杉矶城市发展历程、规划相关编制成果,以及雾霾事件发展历程及参与主体在其中的博弈过程三个方面进行系统梳理和分析,探究城市规划及相关公共政策工具在洛杉矶雾霾爆发期间以及后雾霾时代所起的作用;针对我国城市现在所面临的大气环境问题,提出洛杉矶雾霾事件之启示。

Abstract:

Nowadays many cities in China are confronted with severe air pollution. Both the development of healthy cities and the physical and mental health of citizens are under serious threat. About half a century ago, in the process of rigorous smog event, Los Angeles city government coordinated stakeholders with different interests, took positive governance measures and public policies, and at last improved the air quality greatly. Based on the event stream analysis method, this paper systematically combs: (1) urban development process of Los Angeles; (2)planning relevant achievements; (3) understanding those who were affected by or had an interest in this event, initiative, intervention, or effort, and tries to find out the roles on which that urban planning and related public policy instruments played during the smog event and post-smog event era. For the current situation and problems our cities are faced with, this paper gives suggestions from the LA case; and from the perspective of urban planning.

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基金项目:
作者简介:

蒋希冀,博士研究生,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院。 jxjcaup@126.com

译者简介:

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