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2018年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.482
政府监管、非营利机构运营的荷兰社会住房发展模式
Dutch Social Housing Development Model: Operation Managed by Non-profit Organizations Under Governmental Supervision

焦怡雪

Jiao Yixue

关键词:保障性住房;荷兰社会住房;政府角色;运营架构;监督机制

Keywords:Affordable Housing; Dutch Social Housing; The Role of Government; Operation System; Supervising Mechanism

摘要:

荷兰的社会住房以覆盖面广、居住品质高等特点著称。在百余年的长期发展中,荷兰形成了在政府授权和监管下,由独立非营利机构“住房协会”以市场化方式提供和管理社会住房的发展模式。本文聚焦于荷兰社会住房发展中政府和住房协会的不同角色、住房协会的管理与运营框架,以及对住房协会社会责任的约束和监督机制,以期为我国保障性住房的发展与管理提供有益的经验借鉴与启示。

Abstract:

The Dutch social housing is famous for its large market share and relatively high quality. During the long developing period of more than one century, a social housing development model has formed in the Netherlands: under the supervision of the government, housing associations (independent non-profit organizations) provide and manage social housing in a market-oriented way. This paper focuses on the different roles of government and housing associations, the management and operation framework of housing associations, and the restricting and supervising mechanism to housing associations. This paper aims at providing useful suggestions for Chinese affordable housing development and management.

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作者简介:

焦怡雪,博士,中国城市规划设计研究院住房与住区研究所,主任研究员,教授级高级城市规划师。jiao_a33@sina.com

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