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2019年第1期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.570
城市增长边界能有效控制城市蔓延吗?理论解释与实证分析
Do Urban Growth Boundaries Contain Urban Sprawl? Explanations and Empirical Examination

赖世刚 汪礼国

Lai Shihkung, Wang Liguo

关键词:城市增长边界;财产权;城市蔓延

Keywords:Urban Growth Boundaries (UGBs); Property Rights; Urban Sprawl

摘要:

城市增长边界对于规范城市发展的效果并无定论。本文基于财产权的观点,从理论和概念两方面解释为什么城市增长边界会导致而非抑制城市蔓延。研究以台北市信义区为案例,近一步解释城市增长边界的政策效率。根据航测地形图及指标计算进行定量比较分析,结果显示,不同于我们的预测,并没有充分证据证明信义区在两次规划时期(1945—1991 年)内的城市扩张发生在城市增长边界之外。但我们仍认为一个成功的土地控制手段应该考虑开发商的行为和反应,以控制城市蔓延。


Abstract:

There is no consensus about the effects of urban growth boundaries (UGBs) on urban development. Based on the perspective of property rights, this paper explains why UGBs lead to, rather than stop urban sprawl from both theoretical and conceptual perspectives. Using the case of Xinyi District in Taipei, the paper further examines the effectiveness of the UGBs policy. Based on topographic maps and calculation of indicators to conduct comparative quantitative analyses, the results show, unlike our prediction, that there is insufficient evidence indicating that urban sprawl occurred outside the UGBs of Xinyi District. However, it is still believed that a successful means of containing urban sprawl should consider developers’behavioral reactions in order to curb urban sprawl.


版权信息:
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作者简介:

赖世刚,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院教授。lai@tongji.edu.cn

汪礼国(通信作者),台北市立大学城市发展系兼任助理教授。peterwlg@hotmail.com


译者简介:

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