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全文下载次数:75
2019年第2期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2019.052
中国大城市非正规住房与社区营造:类型、机制与应对
Informal Housing and Community in Chinese Megacities: Types, Mechanisms and Responses

陈宇琳

Chen Yulin

关键词:城市非正规性 ;非正规经济 ;社区营造 ;住房 ;公共服务 ;公共空间 ;大城市 ;治理

Keywords:Urban Informality; Informal Economy; Community Building; Housing; Public Service; Public Space; Megacity; Governance

摘要:

中国大城市在经济快速发展和城镇化进程中,出现了十分多元的非正规现象。以往对非正规居住空间的研究主要聚焦于城中村,本文试图从更为综合的社区视角,对包括住房、服务设施和公共空间的非正规社区空间进行研究,以丰富对非正规性理论与实践的认识,并为理解非正规经济提供社区日常生活的视角。首先,基于对中外非正规居住现象的比较,提出“准入—使用—运行”的分析框架,并从政府职能和市民需求结合的角度,阐释非正规居住现象产生的原因。其次,对计划经济时代以来的传统街区、商品房社区和流动人口社区三类典型社区的非正规现象及其特征进行解读。最后,提出非正规居住和社区营造的规划治理对策。

Abstract:

In the process of rapid urbanization in Chinese megacities, there has been a very diverse phenomenon of urban informality. While previous studies of informal housing were concentrated on urban village, this paper seeks to offer a more comprehensive perspective, informal community, which includes housing, public service and public space, to expand understanding of informality and to examine function of informal economy in community life. Firstly, an analytical framework of “qualification-use-operation” is proposed, and mechanism of informal housing are analyzed from the perspectives of government’s supply and citizen’s demand. Secondly, representative types of informal housing in historical districts, commodity housing communities and migrant settlements are reviewed, and their characteristics are summarized respectively. Finally, planning and management responses to informal housing and community building are proposed for more inclusive development.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(16CRK020),教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(15YJCZH016),北京市社会科学青年基金项目(15SHC043),Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation Program(770141)
作者简介:

陈宇琳,清华大学建筑学院城市规划系副教授,麻省理工学院 SPURS 学者。chenyulin@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

译者简介:

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