点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:0
2019年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.091
国外“人—地情感”的标绘研究引介:作为规划决策制定的辅助工具和公众参与途径
People-Place Emotion Mapping as the Instrumental Tool for Decision-making and Approach to Public Participation in Planning: An Introduction

王洋 于立

Wang Yang, Yu Li

关键词:人—地情感;标绘;规划;决策制定;公众参与

Keywords:People-Place Emotion; Mapping; Planning; Decision-making; Public Participation

摘要:

有关人—地情感的研究近年来保持持续增长的态势,其中一个值得注意的方面是国外学者对人—地情感的标绘研究。这些研究以对情感的操作化定义为理论基础,通过社会调查收集情感数据;运用GIS 分析将收集到的情感数据与空间数据相结合,在地图上予以呈现。这类标绘研究不仅可以提升人—地情感的理论和数据在土地利用规划和自然资源管理等方面的规划决策制定中的实用价值,而且,更重要的是,这些研究普遍采用了PPGIS 的调查方法,为我们打开了思考和实践人—地情感标绘作为公众参与规划决策的有效途径的大门。文章最后提出了未来情感标绘研究在理论、应用以及和公众参与理论结合方面的可能发展方向。

Abstract:

Research on people-place emotion grows in recent years. One noticeable point is the mapping research carried out by some western researchers. Through operationalising the concept of people-place emotion, psychological data collected from social surveys are transformed into spatial attributes which attach to the geographic information of places and displayed on maps by conducting GIS-based analysis. In this way, the practical applications of people-place emotion in the field of planning, such as land-use planning and natural resource management which have been frequently discussed, win an opportunity to move beyond hypothetical. Meanwhile, through using PPGIS survey technique, the mapping research also provides us an alternative perspective to realising its applications in public participation in planning-related decision-making. Finally, future research of people-place emotion mapping in terms of its theories and applications, and particularly its crosspollination with public participation is also proposed.

版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

王洋,英国格拉斯哥大学城市研究专业博士研究生。y.wang.1984@hotmail.com
于立,博士,苏州科技大学特聘教授,英国卡迪夫大学地理与规划学院生态城市硕士专业主任。YuL@cardiff.ac.uk

译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] 龚花, 毛端谦. 国内地方依恋研究综述[J]. 江西科技师范大学学报, 2013(3): 77-82.
    [2] 杨昀. 地方依恋的国内外研究进展述评[J]. 中山大学研究生学刊(自然科学、医学版), 2011, 32(2): 27-37.
    [3] LEWICKA M. Place attachment: how far have we come in the last 40 years?[J]. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2011, 31: 207-230.
    [4] LEWICKA M. What makes neighbourhood different from home and city? effects of place scale on place attachment[J]. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2010, 30: 35-51.
    [5] STEDMAN R C. Is it really just a social construction? the contribution of the physical environment to sense of place[J]. Society and Natural Resources, 2003, 16: 671-685.
    [6] ZIA A, NORTON B G, METCALF S S, et al. Spatial discounting, place attachment, and environmental concern: toward an ambit-based theory of sense of place[J]. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2014, 40: 283-295.
    [7] REED P, BROWN G. Values suitability analysis: a methodology for identifying and integrating public perceptions of forest ecosystem values in national forest planning[J]. Journal of Envinmental Planning and Management, 2003, 46(5): 643-658.
    [8] BROWN G. Mapping spatial attributes in survey research for natural resource management: methods and applications[J]. Society & Natural Resources, 2004, 18(1): 17-39.
    [9] BROWN G, REED P, HARRIS C. Testing a place-based theory for environmental evaluation: an Alaska case study[J]. Applied Geography, 2002, 22(1): 49-77.
    [10] BROWN G, RAYMOND C. The relationship between place attachment and landscape values: toward mapping place attachment[J]. Applied Geography, 2007, 27: 89-111.
    [11] BROWN G, RAYMOND C. Mapping spatial attributes for conservation and tourism planning: Otways Region Victoria survey of residents and visitors[R]. CRC for Sustainable Tourism Pty Ltd, 2006.
    [12] CACCIAPAGLIA L, YUNG M. Participatory place mapping in fire planning[M] // STEWART W, WILLIAMS D, KRUGER L, eds. Place-based conservation: perspectives from the social sciences. New York: Springer, 2013: 306-328.
    [13] WóJCIK A, BILEWICZ M, LEWICKA M. Living on the ashes: collective representations of Polish-Jewish history among people living in the former Warsaw Ghetto Area[J]. Cities, 2010, 27: 195-203.
    [14] FOLAND A, LEWICKA M. Psi-Map: psychological method for psychocarto-graphic research[C]. Poster presented at the Xth European Congress of psychology. Prague: Czech Republic, 2007.
    [15] BLACK A, LILJEBLAD A. Integrating social values in vegetation models via GIS: the missing link for the bitterroot national forest[J]. Science, 2006, 4: 35.
    [16] GOULD P, WHITE R. Mental MAPS[M]. Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1982.
    [17] UZZELL D, POL E. Place identification, social cohesion, and environmental sustainability[J]. Environmental and Behaviour, 2002, 34(1): 26-53.
    [18] BRUNCKHORST D, COOP P, REEVE I. ‘Eco-civic’ optimisation: a nested framework for planning and managing landscapes[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2006, 75: 265-281.
    [19] JORGENSEN S, STEDMAN C. Measuring the spatial component of sense of place: a methodology for research on the spatial dynamics of psychological experiences of places[J]. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 2011, 38: 795-813.
    [20] BROWN G, RAYMOND C, CORCORAN J. Mapping and measuring place attachment[J]. Applied Geography, 2015, 57: 42-53.
    [21] 英国赛特郡的社区保护组织Common Ground 网站Parish Map 电子档案[EB/OL]. [2018-04-16].
    https://www.commonground.org.uk/parish-maps/.
    [22] MANZO C, PERKINS D. Finding common ground: the importance of place attachment to community participation and planning[J]. Journal of Planning Literature, 2006, 20(4): 225-350.
    [23] RAYMOND C. Review of place attachment: advances in theory, methods and applications[J]. Estudios de Psicología, 2013, 34(3): 345-348.
    [24] BROWN G. Mapping landscape values and development preferences: a method for tourism and residential development planning[J]. International Journal of Tourism Research, 2016, 8: 101-113.
    [25] BROWN G, WEBER D. Measuring change in place values using public participation GIS (PPGIS)[J]. Applied Geography, 2012, 34: 316-324.
    [26] KAISER E J. Twentieth century land use planning[J]. APA Journal, 1995(3): 61.
    [27] LEWICKA M. Localism and activity as two dimensions of people-place bonding: the role of cultural capital[J]. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2013, 36: 43-53.
    [28] LEWICKA M. Ways to make people active: role of place attachment, cultural capital and neighbourhood ties[J]. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2005, 4: 381-395.
    [29] 李文越, 吴成鹏. 基于PPGIS 的城市规划公共参与引介——以巴西卡内拉实验为例[J]. 华中建筑, 2013, 8: 71-77.
    [30] 杨潇, 张玉超. PPGIS 在我国环境规划公众参与中的应用初探[J]. 环境保护科学, 2009, 2: 117-120.
    [31] 田志国, 李斌. PPGIS 在土地利用规划公众参与中的应用[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2007, 8: 1819-1822.
    [32] ALKONDMANY K. Utilizing GIS in non-profit organizations for urban planning applications: experiences from the field[J]. Journal of Geographical Information, 2012, 4: 279-297.
    [33] POCEWICZ A, NIELSEN-PINCUS M, BROWN G, et al. An evaluation of internet versus paper-based methods for public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS)[J]. Transactions in GIS, 2012, 16(1): 39-53.
    [34] Landscape Value and PPGIS Institute. 网站首页[EB/OL]. [2018-04-19].
    http://www.landscapevalues.org/.
    [35] Department of Conservation. 网站的地图与数据平台[EB/OL]. [2018-04-19].
    http://www.doc.govt.nz/our-work/maps-and-data/.
    [36] KYLE G, GRAEFE A, MANNING R. Testing the dimensionality of place attachment in recreational settings[J]. Environment and Behavior, 2005, 37: 153-177.
    [37] HAY R. Sense of place in developmental context[ J ] . Journal of Environmental Psychology, 1998, 18: 5-29.
    [38] DOWNS R M, STEA D. Maps in minds: ref lections on cognitive mapping[M]. New York: Harper & Row Publishers Inc, 1977.
    [39] BROWN G, RAYMOND C. Methods for identifying land use conflict potential using participatory mapping[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2014, 122: 196-208.
    [40] BROWN G, Brabyn L. An analysis of the relationships between multiple values and physical landscapes at a regional scale using public participation GIS and landscape character classification[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2012, 107(3): 317-331.
    [41] ARNSTEIN S R. A ladder of citizen participation[J]. Journal of the American Planning Association, 1969, 35(4): 216-224.
    [42] BROWN G, KYTT? M. Key issues and research priorities for public participation GIS (PPGIS): a synthesis based on empirical research[J]. Applied Geography, 2014, 46: 122-136.
    [43] FRIEDMANN J. Planning in the public domain: from knowledge to action[M]. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987.
    [44] BROWN G, WEBER D. A place-based approach to conservation management using public participation GIS (PPGIS)[J]. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2013, 56(4): 455-473.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

3634285