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2019年第4期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.170
世界城市中跨国文化消费空间的演化过程与机制——以柏林克洛伊茨贝格街区为例
Development Process and Mechanism of Transnational Cultural Consumption Space in World City: Case Study

谭佩珊 黄旭 薛德升

Tan Peishan, Huang Xu, Xue Desheng

关键词:跨国文化;亚文化;文化消费空间;社区参与;柏林;世界城市

Keywords:Transnational Culture; Subculture; Cultural Consumption Space; Community Participation; Berlin; World City

摘要:

文化是世界城市发展的重要动力。在激烈的城市文化竞争过程中,城市内部产生多种类型的文化空间,而自下而上的跨国文化消费空间是城市独特文化的空间载体。本文以柏林“贫困但性感”的克洛伊茨贝格街区为例,探究具有丰富跨国亚文化特征的文化消费空间的演化过程与机制。该街区原本具有深厚的跨国文化积淀,新世纪以来,其在柏林经济文化转型与后现代文化消费转型双重作用下,形成了跨国文化消费空间。具体的空间作用机制包括:以全球个性文化体验消费为先导;由多级政府政策引导、国内外资本投入以及社区协调为支撑;最终得以激活街区经济、文化与社会活力,从而使得该街区成为柏林对外宣传与全球营销的城市文化热点。本研究丰富了对世界城市文化动力的认识,也对城市内部跨国、跨地方文化街区的可持续、多方互动协同发展具有借鉴意义。

Abstract:

“Culture” could act as an important driving force of World City. Along with the intense competition of urban culture, various kinds of cultural space have emerged in cities. Bottom-up transnational cultural consumption space performs a spatial representation of unique urban culture. Based on the case study of the “poor but sexy” district, Kreuzberg in Berlin, this paper analyses the process and mechanism of cultural consumption space with diverse transnational subculture. Although the formulation of transnational culture in Kreuzberg is historically contingent to an certain extent, the coupling of the transitions of the economy in Berlin and the post-modern cultural consumption since the 21st century somehow produce the transnational cultural consumption space inevitably. The global consumer trend emphasizing personal cultural experience guides the spatial development in Kreuzberg. Involving multi-level governments, domestic (or oversea) investors and local neighborhoods, the coordination of stakeholders stimulates the economic, cultural and social vitality in Kreuzberg. It therefore has become an urban cultural hotspot, serving Berlin – as a World Creative City. This research enriches the understanding of the cultural dynamic for world cities, and can also be a reference for the sustainable development of transnational-or translocal-cultural neighborhoods.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(41320104001)
作者简介:

谭佩珊,中山大学城市与区域规划系,硕士研究生。peishan.tan@foxmail.com
黄旭,中山大学城市与区域规划系,副研究员。
薛德升(通信作者),中山大学城市与区域规划系,教授。
eesxds@mail.sysu.edu.cn

译者简介:

参考文献:

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