点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:456
2019年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.332
促进积极生活的城市设计导则:欧美国家经验
Design Guidelines for Active Living: Western Experience

孙佩锦 陆伟 刘涟涟

Sun Peijin, Lu Wei, Liu lianlian

关键词:积极生活;健康城市;设计导则;城市设计;欧美经验

Keywords:Active Living; Healthy City; Design Guidelines; Urban Design; Western Experience

摘要:

积极生活是将体力活动融入日常的生活方式,缺乏体力活动的现代化生活是导致慢性病迅速增长的直接原因之一。促进积极生活的城市设计导则已经在世界范围内成为越来越普遍的促进健康的方法之一。本文对欧美国家现行的多部促进积极生活的城市设计导则进行了总结,对比分析不同类型与层级的设计导则。同时,通过对设计导则实例内容解析,提出对我国城市设计的启示,以期为国内促进健康的城市设计提供实践基础。

Abstract:

Active living is a way of life that integrates physical activity into daily routines. Physical inactivity is a primary cause of most chronic diseases since the twentieth century. History has shown that environmental design can play a crucial role in improving public health. Planning and design guidelines have become an increasingly common approach for promoting physical activity. This paper aims to analyze comparatively various guidelines proposed by different institutions and designed for different groups by summarizing more than 30 current design guidelines in western countries. This paper also explores urban design suggestions for Chinese cities through practical cases study, with the hope of providing a practical basis for healthy city design.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51608089),国家留学基金委 (201706060147)资助
作者简介:

孙佩锦,大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院,博士研究生。p.sun@yahoo.com
陆伟,大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院,教授
刘涟涟,大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院,副教授

译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] 谭少华, 郭剑锋, 江毅. 人居环境对健康的主动式干预: 城市规划学科新趋势[J]. 城市规划学刊, 2010(4): 66-70.
    [2] 萧明.“ 积极设计”营造康体城市—支持健康生活方式的城市规划设计新视角[J]. 国际城市规划, 2016, 31(5): 80-88
    [3] BOARNET M G. Planning’s role in building healthy cities: an introduction to the special issue[J]. Journal of the American planning association, 2006, 72(1): 5-9.
    [4] EDWARDS P, TSOUROS AGIS D. A Healthy city is an active city, a physical activity planning guide[M]. WHO, 2008.
    [5] EDWARDS P, TSOUROS AGIS D. Promoting physical activity and active living in urban environments[M]. WHO, 2006.
    [6] Global Advocacy for Physical Activity. The Toronto charter for physical activity[R]. 2010.
    [7] Global Advocacy for Physical Activity. Investments that work for physical Activity[R]. 2011.
    [8] Local Government Improvement and Development and Planning Advisory Service. Community engagement in plan making[R]. 2010.
    [9] Urban Land Institude. Active by design: designing places for healthy lives[R]. 2014.
    [10] Toronto Public Health. Active city: designing for health[R]. 2014.
    [11] Ontario Professional Planners Institute. The shape of things to come: improving health through community planning[R]. 2009.
    [12] Ontario Professional Planners Institute. Healthy communities sustainable communities[R]. 2007.
    [13] Ontario Professional Planners Institute. Planning by design: a healthy communities handbook[R]. 2009.
    [14] Australian Local Government Association. Age-friendly built environments[R]. 2006.
    [15] National Heart Foundation. Blueprint for an active Australia[R]. 2009.
    [16] National Heart Foundation. Healthy spaces & places[R]. 2009.
    [17] National Heart Foundation. Creating healthy neighbourhoods[R]. 2011.
    [18] Department of Local Government. Creating active communities: physical activity guidelines for local councils[R]. 2008.
    [19] Heart Foundation. Healthy by design – Tasmania[R]. 2009.
    [20] Heart Foundation. Healthy by design – Victoria[R]. 2004.
    [21] Western Australian Council of State School Organisations. Healthy environments healthy children[R]. 2009.
    [22] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical activity guidelines advisory committee report[R]. 2008.
    [23] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical activity guidelines for americans: be active, healthy, and happy[R]. 2008.
    [24] Urban Land Institude. The principles for building healthy places[R]. 2013.
    [25] KAREN K L, MD, MHSc, FRCPC. Active design guidelines: promoting physical activity and health in design[R]. 2011.
    [26] MICHAEL R B, BURDEN A, BURNEY D. Active design: shaping the sidewalk experience[R]. 2013.
    [27] NYC Health Department. active design: guide for community groups[R]. 2014.
    [28] ROSCHEN B, PASTUCHA S, TURCO A, et al. Designing a healthy LA[R]. 2013.
    [29] ALAIMO K, BASSETT E, WILKERSON R. Design guidelines for active Michigan communities[R]. 2006.
    [30] 戴冬晖, 金广君. 城市设计导则的再认识[J]. 城市建筑, 2009(5): 106-108.
    [31] 金广君. 美国城市设计导则介述[J]. 国外城市规划, 2001(2): 6-9.
    [32] COLEMAN C B, BEAULIEU M, BEEMAN M, et al. Saint Paul Street design manual[R]. 2016.
    [33] City and County of San Francisco. Better streets plan[R]. 2011.
    [34] Seattle Department of Transportation. City of Seattle pedestrian master plan[R]. 2016.
    [35] Denver Regional Council of Governments. Guidelines: for successful pedestrian and bicycle facilities in the Denver region[R]. 2010.
    [36] 刘天媛, 宋彦. 健康城市规划中的循证设计与多方合作——以纽约市《公共健康空间设计导则》的制定和实施为例[J]. 规划师, 2015, 6(31): 27-33.
    [37] 姜洋, 王悦, 解建华, 等. 回归以人为本的街道:世界城市街道设计导则最新发展动态及对中国城市的启示[J]. 国际城市规划, 2012, 27(5): 65-72.

《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

5588901