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2020年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.651
城市绿地与居民健康关系研究进展
Progress of Studies on the Relationship Between Urban Green Space and Public Health

董玉萍 刘合林 齐君

Dong Yuping, Liu Helin, Qi Jun

关键词:城市绿地;居民健康;作用机制;影响因素;研究进展

Keywords:Urban Green Space; Public Health; Mechanism; Impact Factor; Research Progress

摘要:

城市生活方式的改变使得城市居民亚健康问题日益突出,而大量的研究表明城市绿地具有健康促进功能。因此,近年来有关城市绿地与居民健康关系的研究成为健康城市领域研究的热点。从研究主题来看,主要包括绿地的健康促进效益、影响健康效益发挥的因素以及绿地促进健康的作用机制三个方面。基于此,文章对当前有关城市绿地与居民健康关系的研究进展进行梳理述评。研究进展表明:影响城市绿地健康效益发挥的直接因素包括城市绿地的可获得性、可达性和绿地的自身特征,其作用机制包括文化生态服务、生态调节服务和生态支持服。同时,健康效益受到相关调节因素的影响。总体来看,目前大部分研究并未涉及绿地产生健康效益的完整作用路径,在研究中涉及的指标选取、数据获取、分析方法和研究单元等方面存在一定局限性,有待于采用多源新数据和新的分析技术予以解决。最后,文章提出了有关城市绿地与健康关系的七个方面问题,在城市规划领域需要进行深入而务实的研究。


Abstract:

Urban life in recent years has turned to be more sedentary, which has caused the pressing issue of public’s subhealth. It has been proved that urban green space (UGS) can contribute to the improvement of public health. Thus, themes related to the relationship between UGS and public health has recently become the research focuses in the field of healthy cities. Generally, these themes can be grouped into three aspects which are the health benefits from UGS, the factors that may affect these benefits, and the underlying mechanisms that generate these benefits. In this sense, this paper organizes the reviews and comments in three dimensions accordingly. The extant research displays that three categories of impact factors contribute to the health benefits, namely the availability, the accessibility and the self-features of UGS; and the underlying mechanisms work through cultural ecosystem services, regulating ecosystem services and supporting ecosystem services. In addition, different moderators, such as socio-economic status and demographic characteristics, can also exert their impacts. However, the complete interaction pathways between UGS and public health have almost not been explored. Moreover, the indicators, data, analysis methods as well as spatial analysis unit used by those published works are still limited, which need to be solved by new multiple-data sources and analysis techniques. Regarding these issues, in the end we propose seven research dimensions on the relationship between UGS and public health that entail much deeper explorations and more applicable conclusions in the field of urban planning.


版权信息:
基金项目:城市规划智能决策关键支持技术(D1218006),湖北省技术创新专项基金(2017ADC073)
作者简介:

董玉萍,华中科技大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士研究生

刘合林(通信作者),华中科技大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授, 博士生导师。h1362@hust.edu.cn

齐君,博士,西南林业大学地理与生态旅游学院,讲师


译者简介:

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