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2020年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.103
让河流融于城市生活 —— 圣安东尼奥滨河步道的发展历程及启示
Blend the Streams into the City Life: Enlightenments from the Development of San Antonio Riverwalk

陈泳 吴昊

Chen Yong, Wu Hao

关键词:圣安东尼奥;滨河步道;滨水空间;城市复兴;要素整合;多方协动

Keywords:San Antonio; Riverwalk; Waterfront; Urban Revitalization; Elements Integration; Multilateral Cooperation

摘要:

河流往往是一个城市发展的起点,在居民与自然水系的长期磨合中,形成了地方性的空间形态、生活模式与文化品格。美国南部城市圣安东尼奥市通过市中心区滨河步道的持续建设,充分发挥河流的生态、景观与休闲的综合价值,将原本解决城市防洪问题的普通河道转化成繁荣而又绿意盎然的公共活动场所,并带动城市复兴,成为当代中小尺度河道保护性利用的典范。本文追溯圣安东尼奥河及其滨河步道的历史演变过程,探讨河道功能转型、地方文化传承与自然生境修复等更新设计理念与策略,并从空间形态设计、功能活动组织、滨水场所塑造、城市联动发展和建设运作机制五个方面剖析其成功制因,为国内城市存量更新背景下的河道环境综合治理、活力复兴与转型发展提供借鉴与启发。


Abstract:

Many cities grow upon rivers. Local spatial morphology, living patterns and cultural characteristics were formed based on the long-term interaction between inhabitants and natural rivers. The Riverwalk in San Antonio in the United States is a prosperous and green open place that was transformed from a flood control channel. During its development process, the river catalyzes inner city revitalization and gives full play of the comprehensive values of ecology, landscape and leisure. It has become a paradigm of the contemporary conservation of small or medium-scale riverfront spaces. By reviewing the evolution of the San Antonio River and the Riverwalk, this paper investigates Riverwalk’s design concepts and development strategies from the perspectives of functional transformation, local cultural inheritance, and natural habitat restoration. The success of its development owed to five essential aspects, which are spatial form design, land use organization, waterfront construction, interactive development, and cooperative development mechanism. Under the background of urban renewal, the current practices of comprehensive river management, river vitality recovery, and river functional transformation in Chinese cities could be enlightened from this study.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51278339、51678414),国家建设高水平大学公派研究生项目(201706260167)
作者简介:

陈泳(通信作者),博士,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院教授,博士生导师。ch_yong2011@tongji.edu.cn

吴昊,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,同济大学与美国德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校联合培养博士研究生。wuhao278@126.com


译者简介:

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