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2021年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2018.434
印度城乡规划体系研究及其对“一带一路”背景下我国规划改革的启示
Research on India’s Urban and Rural Planning System and Its Implications for China’s Planning Reform Under the Belt and Road Initiative

王海涛 史怀昱 陈健 张军飞

Wang Haitao, Shi Huaiyu, Chen Jian, Zhang Junfei

关键词:城乡规划体系;空间政策;规划改革;印度;一带一路

Keywords:Urban and Rural Planning System; Spatial Policy; Planning Reform; India; The Belt and Road Initiative

摘要:

随着“一带一路”倡议的不断推行,城乡规划作为政府施政的一项重要公共政策和空间政策,在未来的建设合作中具有重要地位。因此,对城乡规划领域的标准和政策进行研究,有利于为未来的国际合作提供重要的机制保障与政策支撑。本文基于现场调研、访谈和相关文献整理,研究印度城乡规划的法律法规体系、行政体系和工作体系,从完善性、管理覆盖率、规划编制内容、空间管制约束性、实施效果以及规划参与性等方面总结体系特征。在此基础上,结合“一带一路”倡议的重点内容,从政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、民心相通等方面为我国的规划改革提出相关启示。

Abstract:

With the continuous implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative, urban and rural planning, as an important public policy and spatial policy in government administration, will play important roles within government cooperations in the future. Therefore, the study of standards and policies in urban and rural planning field is conducive to provide institutional guarantee and policy support for future international cooperations. Based on field studies, interviews and literature reviews, this paper focuses on legal system, administrative system and work system of urban and rural planning in India. The characteristics are summarized in terms of system integrity, management coverage, planning contents, space control constraints, implementation effects and planning participation. On the basis of these characteristics and the key contents of the Belt and Road Initiative, some relevant enlightenments are provided to the planning reform in areas of policy coordination, facilities connectivity, unimpeded trade and people-to-people bond.

版权信息:
基金项目:住房和城乡建设部专题项目“开展城乡规划工程建设标准在‘一带一路’建设中应用情况调查”(2019-6-002),中国城市规划设计研究院深圳分院科研课题“‘一带一路’城乡规划标准应用与对比研究”(2019-07)
作者简介:

王海涛,硕士,中国城市规划设计研究院深圳分院,工程师。616698974@qq.com

史怀昱,硕士,陕西省城乡规划设计研究院院长,教授级高级工程师

陈健,硕士,陕西省城乡规划设计研究院研究中心主任,高级工程师

张军飞,硕士,陕西省城乡规划设计研究院技术咨询中心副主任,高级工程师;西安建筑科技大学建筑学院,博士研究生


译者简介:

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