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2021年第4期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.565
21 世纪国外居住迁移研究进展与评述
A Review of Residential Mobility Research in the 21st Century

李梦洁 林赛南 黄经南 李志刚 郭炎

Li Mengjie, Lin Sainan, Huang Jingnan, Li Zhigang, Guo Yan

关键词:居住迁移;生命历程;城市空间结构;住房选择;引文空间

Keywords:Residential Mobility; Life Course; Urban Spatial Structure; Housing Choice; CiteSpace

摘要:

居住迁移是解析城市空间重构和空间分异的重要微观领域,对住房、教育、交通等公共设施的空间配置具有重要影响。本文基于对2000 年以来相关英文文献的梳理,对居住迁移的研究视角、动因以及结果三方面的最新进展进行总结与评述,并对未来中国居住迁移研究提出展望。研究发现:(1)居住迁移的研究视角正经历从静态向动态的转变,生命历程为主要视角;(2)微观、中观和宏观因素对迁居均有重要影响,但针对宏观背景对个人迁居决策的影响以及群体差异,尚未建立系统认识与机制理解;(3)迁居后果转向关注个人主观能动性对城市空间的塑造,以及迁居行为对微观个体美好生活与身心健康的影响,但由于迁居行为的超前或滞后效应,对微观个体的影响机制解释较弱。未来国内迁居研究应在我国特有政治经济背景下,结合生命历程理论核心观点,探索居住迁移研究的新方法和新理论,为城市空间规划提供科学依据。


Abstract:

Residential mobility is not only an important microcosmic field to analyze urban spatial reconstruction and residential segregation, but also influences the public resource allocation such as housing, education and transportation. Based on the review of international studies of residential mobility since 2000, this paper summarizes and comments on the latest progress in three aspects, including the research perspective,motivations of residential mobility and results of residential mobility, and puts forward prospects for future residential mobility research in China. Research findings are as follows. (1) The research perspective is undergoing a change from static to dynamic, and life course is the main perspective. (2) Residential mobility is influenced by different levels of factors, but the influence of macro background on individual relocation decision and residence preference needs to be further explored. (3) For the consequences caused by residential mobility, the existing research began to pay attention to the subjective initiative of individuals on the shaping of urban space, as well as the impact of residential change on individuals’ health and subjective well-being. The future residential mobility research in China should combine the core ideas of life course theory with China’s unique political and economic background, explore new methods and new theories to provide theoretical foundation for urban spatial planning.


版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41801156、 41771167),北京大学—林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心研究基金(FS05-20191015-LSN)
作者简介:

李梦洁,武汉大学城市设计学院,硕士研究生。Mengjie_Li@whu.edu.cn

林赛南(通信作者),武汉大学城市设计学院,副教授。sainan.lin@whu.edu.cn

黄经南,武汉大学城市设计学院,副院长、副教授

李志刚,武汉大学城市设计学院,院长、教授、博导

郭炎,武汉大学城市设计学院,副教授


译者简介:

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