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2022年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2021.243
卢森堡城市更新政策实施的内外困境
Urban Regeneration Policy: The Inside-out Puzzle of Luxembourg

马库斯·黑塞 著 刘畅 译

Written by Markus Hesse, Translated by Liu Chang

关键词:城市更新;关联型城市;土地利用规划;服务业和金融业; 卢森堡

Keywords:Urban Regeneration; Relational Cities; Land-use Planning; Service and Financial Industries; Luxembourg

摘要:

本文探讨了卢森堡大公国的城市更新政策经验。过去几十年,卢森堡经济迅猛增长,成为欧洲小国家发展的典型案例。文章基于人口统计学、社会经济学以及卢森堡的独特政策背景,对该国的城市更新相关实践进行概述与剖析,并得出以下两方面结论:第一,随着社会经济的快速增长,城市发展对空间的需求不断增长,填充式开发只能缓解城市当前困境,未来需要将城市更新作为一项补充性发展政策;第二,小国的经济开放特性导致卢森堡对国家“内部”与“外部”空间的定义模糊、互相矛盾,但由于城市更新具有一定的外部性特征,因此必须谨慎实施更新政策。笔者建议将未来卢森堡的城市发展重点选在靠近或跨越卢森堡与邻国边界的区域。


Abstract:

This paper reports on the experience of urban regeneration policies in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Among European countries, the small state represents a rather unique case, undergoing strong economic growth over the last decades. Against the background of such specificities as concerns demographics, socio-economics and also a peculiar politics of planning in Luxembourg, the paper gives an overview of the related practices and situates them in that specific context. The conclusions are twofold: first, infill is only a small part of the broader  picture, as long as overall demand is rising in order to accommodate the foreseen economic growth; hence future development policy will situate regeneration as a niche activity only. Second, it appears that the open economy of a small state provides a fuzzy and somehow contradictory meaning of what is situated ‘inside’ and ‘outside’; also, regeneration comes with certain externalities and will thus have to be cautiously implemented. Hence for some good reason, proper sites for future development would also have to be identified outside the borders on the territory of Luxembourg’s neighbouring countries, or even beyond.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

马库斯·黑塞,卢森堡大学地理和空间规划系,教授。markus.hesse@uni.lu


译者简介:

刘畅,清华大学建筑学院,博士研究生。2627189484@qq.com

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