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2022年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2019.674
特殊类型地区发展政策的国际经验
International Experiences of Development Policy in Special Regions

马诗萍 张文忠 李绪茂

Ma Shiping, Zhang Wenzhong, Li Xumao

关键词:特殊类型地区 ;区域不协调发展 ;发展政策 ;区域规划 ;国际经验

Keywords:Special Regions; Regional Uneven Development; Development Policy; Regional Planning; International Experience

摘要:

特殊类型地区是发展相对滞后地区,也是区域不协调、不充分发展的集中 表现地区。在国外,以欧盟、美国、加拿大等为代表的国家或地区政府机构或组织, 在特殊类型地区采用了区域规划、财政投资等政策扶持手段。通过对特殊类型地 区发展政策的理论基础与案例的研究发现,国际上已形成以经济指标为主、其他 指标为辅的特殊类型地区识别原则,在政策实施过程中以投资作为最主要的政策 工具,但是对其有效性仍然存在一定的争议。在地方主义和新自由主义思想指导 下的区域治理体制和区域行政壁垒制约了政策的实施,投资政策工具也具有明显 的局限性。对于我国而言,参考国际经验确定特殊类型地区划分原则,有利于提 高区域政策的实施效率,同时应当在发挥区域治理体系制度优越性的基础上探索 更有效的政策工具。

Abstract:

Special region refers to the relatively underperforming area, which is the typical representative of regional uneven development. A series of place-specific policies including regional planning and financial investment have been carried out in special regions by national governments or organizations in the European Union, the United States and Canada. Through the case study, it is found that the international principle of identifying special region is mainly based on economic indicators and supplemented by other indicators. Moreover, investment is the most important mean in the implementation. However, there is still some controversy about the effectiveness of current policy and planning. The regional governance system guided by localism and neoliberalism and regional administrative barriers restrict the implementation of policies, and the main policy tool has obvious limitations. For China, it is helpful to improve the efficiency of regional policy by identifying special regions more accurately referring to international experience. Meanwhile, more effective policy tools should be explored on the basis of giving full play to the superiority of our regional governance system.

版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

马诗萍,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院大学,博士研究生。 masp.17b@igsnrr.ac.cn  

张文忠(通信作者),博士,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学 院大学,研究员。zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn 

 李绪茂,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院大学,博士研究生。 lixm.18b@igsnrr.ac.cn

译者简介:

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