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2022年第2期   DOI:
“地摊经济”与街头善治——亚太地区“地摊经济”管理策略的启示
Stall Economy and Good Governance: Implication of Management Strategy in Asia-Pacific Region

周子航 张京祥 王梓懿

Zhou Zihang, Zhang Jingxiang, Wang Ziyi

关键词:地摊经济;街头零售;社区市集;跳蚤市场;城市管理;非正式制度;善治;精细化治理;亚太地区

Keywords:Stall Economy; Street Vending; Community Market; Flea Market; Urban Management; Informal Institution; Good Governance; Refined Governance; Asia-Pacific Region

摘要:

本文从“地摊经济”的定义出发,整合国内外相关概念的表述,将“地摊经济”归为街头零售、社区市集、跳蚤市场三类,指出地方政府和街头摊贩均不愿意承担交易成本是导致地摊经济治理陷入困境的主要原因。文章通过介绍中国台北、印尼三宝垄、泰国曼谷的“地摊经济”管理策略,分别阐述了“地摊经济”管理的三种态度,即商业化、社区化、非正规化。文章随后对国内外“地摊经济”理论进行阐释,总结学界应对“地摊经济”的三派观点,即法治主义、功能主义、调和主义,进而引申出中国实现街头善治的管理策略,提出地方政府与资本的引入、社区与工会组织的建立、人情化和精细化治理三种策略是实现“地摊经济”、达成街头善治的有效途径。 

Abstract:

Starting from the definition of stall economy, this paper integrates the relevant concepts of street vending, community market, and flea market. It points out that local government and street vendors are unwilling to bear the transaction cost is the main reason leading to the dilemma of governance of stall economy. By introducing the management strategies of stall economy in Taipei, Semarang and Bangkok, this paper expounds three kinds of management attitudes towards it, including commercialization, communization and informalization. Then, the paper explains the theory of stall economy and summarizes the academic views of the three schools, including the rule of law, functionalism and moderationism, and then extends to the management strategies to achieve good governance in China’s streets. Through the introduction of local government and capital, this paper demonstrates that the establishment of community and trade union organizations, and the refinement of humanized governance, can help achieve good governance in the stall economy effectively.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51578276)
作者简介:

周子航,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士研究生。 percychou@sina.com

张京祥(通信作者),博士,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授,博士生导师,南京大学空间规划研究中心主任,中国城市规划学会常务理事。 3593786@163.com

王梓懿,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士研究生

译者简介:

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