点击排行
 
正文
全文下载次数:0
2022年第4期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2022.242
国际视野下城市物流政策实践的挑战与创新
International Urban Logistics Policy Practices: Challenges and Innovations

肖作鹏 王缉宪 袁泉 李国旗

Xiao Zuopeng, Wang Jixian, Yuan Quan, Li Guoqi

关键词:城市物流 ;物流活动区位 ;实施困境 ;可持续物流 ;共享物流

Keywords:Urban Logistics; Logistics Activities Location; Implementation Dilemma; Sustainable Logistics; Sharing Logistics

摘要:

全球范围内如火如荼的数字消费和物流革命对完善城市物流基础设施提出了新需求, 对城市物流空间的管控和规划利用提出了更大挑战,也对城市物流的可持续发展产生了多方 面的新要求。本文从城市规划的视角,首先阐述城市物流活动的变化,包括区位要求的异质 性,物流蔓延后形成物流区域主义、双层化和共构性。其次,文章认为物流活动的变化使物 流活动的市场性、分散性和效率面临着来自公共性、规模性与层级性的压力,上述三组关系 在目标与现实困境中的互斥给城市物流政策带来挑战。第三,基于西方特别是欧洲城市物流 管控的经验,本文概述当前城市物流政策在行政、市场、空间与社会等层面的思路与手段转向, 并从主体目标、运作过程和设施空间等方面阐释了共享物流的概念,以期帮助提高城市物流 政策的实施成效。

Abstract:

The global revolution in digital consumption and logistics has created substantial new demands for optimizing urban logistics systems and supply chain infrastructure. It has generated new challenges for urban management and planning on running urban logistics spaces to achieve urban logistics sustainability. From the perspective of urban planning, this paper first elaborates dynamics of urban logistics activities. These dynamics in logistics location requirements include the extending heterogeneity, dual-structure, co-location, and logistics regionalism generated by logistics sprawl. These locational dynamics make the profitability, dispersion, and efficiency of logistics activities face publicness, scale, and hierarchy challenges. This paper conceptualizes the above three conflicts between objectives and constraints and elaborates why they lead to challenges on urban logistics policy making and implementation. Based on the experiences of urban logistics practices in European countries, this paper summarizes the policy implementation directions of logistics planning in administration, market, space, and social dimensions. Targeting multi-faced sustainability, this paper proposes the scheme of urban sharing logistics and illustrates this scheme in stakeholder, operation process and facilities, which hopes to shed light on enhancing the effectiveness of urban logistics policies.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41801151、72173101),深圳市自然科学基金(JCYJ20190806144618382),四川省科技厅软科学研究项目(21RXX0635)
作者简介:

肖作鹏,博士,哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)建筑学院,副教授。tacxzp@foxmail.com

王缉宪,博士,大湾区香港中心,研究总监。jwanggeoghku@gmail.com

袁泉,博士,同济大学城市交通研究院,研究员。quanyuan@tongji.edu.cn

李国旗(通信作者),博士,西南交通大学交通运输与物流学院,副教授。guoqi@swjtu.edu.cn


译者简介:

参考文献:
  • [1] 肖作鹏. 全球消费网络下物流供应链组织的地理响应[C] // 计金标, 梁昊光, 余金艳, 等编. 中国“一带一路”投资安全研究报告(2021).北京: 社会科学文献出版社, 2021: 294-311.

    [2] RODRIGUE J. The distribution network of Amazon and the footprint of freight digitalization[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2020, 88: 102825.

    [3] HESSE M, RODRIGUE J. The transport geography of logistics and freight distribution[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2003, 12(3): 171-184.

    [4] VISSER J, NEMOTO T, BROWNE M. Home delivery and the impacts on urban freight transport: a review[J]. Procedia - social and behavioral sciences, 2014, 125: 15-27.

    [5] DABLANE L. Goods transport in large European cities: difficult to organize, difficult to modernize[J]. Transportation research part a: policy and practice, 2007, 41(3): 280-285.

    [6] STEFANELLI T, BARTOLO C, GALLI G, et al. Smart choices for cities: making urban freight logistics more sustainable[EB/OL]. CIVITAS WIKI. 2020[2021-12-21]. https://civitas.eu/sites/default/files/civ_pol-an5_urban_web.pdf.

    [7] HEITZ A, BEZIAT A. The parcel industry in the spatial organization of logistics activities in the Paris region: inherited spatial patterns and innovations in urban logistics systems[J]. Transportation research procedia, 2016, 12: 812-824.

    [8] RAIMBAULT N, ANDRIANKAJA D, PAFFONI E. Understanding the diversity of logistics facilities in the Paris region[J]. Procedia - social and behavioral sciences, 2012, 39: 543-555.

    [9] HEITZ A, LAUNAY P, BEZIAT A. Heterogeneity of logistics facilities: an issue for a better understanding and planning of the location of logistics facilities[J]. European transport research review, 2019, 11(5): 12544.

    [10] DANIELIS R, MAGGI E, ROTARIS L, et al. Urban freight distribution: urban supply chains and transportation policies[C] // BEN-AKIVA M, MEERSMAN H, VOORDE E, eds. Freight transport modeling. Melbourne: Emerald Group Publishing, 2013.

    [11] ADELINE H. The logistics dualization in question: evidence from the Paris metropolitan area[J]. Cities, 2021, 119: 103407.

    [12] BOWEN J T. Moving places: the geography of warehousing in the US[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2008, 16(6): 379-387.

    [13] CIDELL J. Concentration and decentralization: the new geography of freight distribution in US metropolitan areas[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2010, 18(3): 363-371.

    [14] HEUVEL F, LANGEN P, DONSELAAR K, et al. Spatial concentration and location dynamics in logistics: the case of a Dutch province[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2013, 28: 39-48.

    [15] DABLANC L, BROWNE M. Introduction to special section on logistics sprawl[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2020, 88: 102390.

    [16] HEITZ A, DABLANC L, OLSSON J, et al. Spatial patterns of logistics facilities in Gothenburg, Sweden[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2020, 88: 102191.

    [17] KLAUENBERG J, ELSNER L, KNISCHEWSKI C. Dynamics of the spatial distribution of hubs in groupage networks–the case of Berlin[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2020, 88: 102280.

    [18] DUBIE M, KUO K C, GIRON-VALDERRAMA G, et al. An evaluation of logistics sprawl in Chicago and Phoenix[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2020, 88: 102298.

    [19] WOUDSMA C, JAKUBICEK P. Logistics land use patterns in metropolitan Canada[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2020, 88: 102381.

    [20] DABLANC L, RAKOTONARIVO D. The impacts of logistics sprawl: how does the location of parcel transport terminals affect the energy efficiency of goods’ movements in Paris and what can we do about it?[J]. Procedia - social and behavioral sciences, 2010, 2(3): 6087-6096.

    [21] LEISE O, ODIRLEY S, RENATA O, et al. Is the location of warehouses changing in the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Area? a logistics sprawl analysis in a Latin American Context[J]. Urban science, 2018, 2(2):43.

    [22] RAIMBAULT N. From regional planning to port regionalization and urban logistics: the inland port and the governance of logistics development in the Paris region[J]. Journal of transport geography, 2019, 78: 205-213.

    [23] HEUVEL F, LANGEN P, DONSELAAR K, et al. Proximity matters: synergies through co-location of logistics establishments[J]. International journal of logistics research and applications, 2014, 17(5): 377-395.

    [24] 周军, 孙永海, 孙夕雄. 新时期城市物流空间分类研究[J]. 城市交通, 2021, 19(2): 14-22.

    [25] 交通运输部. 2018 年6 月例行新闻发布会[EB/OL]. 中华人民共和国海事局. (2018-06-25)[2021-12-21]. https://www.msa.gov.cn/html/HDJL/zxft/20180625/68287332-2331-4883-9877-C11B893F4C68.html.

    [26] Bureau of Labor Statistics. Occupational Outlook Handbook[EB/OL]. (2021)[2021-12-21]. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/transportation-and-material-moving/.

    [27] 荣朝和, 李星潺, 王学成, 等. 论分布式运输供给的转型趋势[J]. 北京交通大学学报( 社会科学版), 2020, 19(3): 18-31.

    [28] 李国旗, 刘思婧. 大城市配送难的核心问题及策略[J]. 城市交通, 2016, 14(5): 77-82.

    [29] BOUDOUIN D. Les espaces logistiques urbains - guide méthodologique[M]. Paris: Documentation Franc?aise, 2006.

    [30] DUIN J. Logistics concept development in multi-actor environments[M]. Delft: TRAIL Thesis Series, 2012.

    [31] TANIGUCHI E. Planning the future-sharing urban space for city logistics[C/OL] // Proceedings of the Third VREF Conference on Urban Freight: Plan for the Future–Sharing Urban Space. (2016-10-18)[2021-12-21]. https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/lead/urbanfreightplatform/pastvref-conferences/vrefconf16/program2016/Documents/Eiichi_Taniguchi_VREF_Conf_October2016.pdf.

    [32] 王继祥. 中国共享物流创新模式与发展趋势[J]. 物流技术与应用, 2017, 22(2): 80-84.

    [33] HAUGE J, BIRKIE S, JEONG Y. Developing a holistic decision support framework: from production logistics to sustainable freight transport in an urban environment[J]. Transportation research interdisciplinary perspectives, 2021, 12: 100496.


《国际城市规划》编辑部    北京市车公庄西路10号东楼E305/320    100037
邮箱:upi@vip.163.com  电话:010-58323806  传真:010-58323825
京ICP备13011701号-6  京公网安备11010802014223

6085903