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2021年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.058
城市:可计算的复杂有机系统 —— 评《创造未来城市》
City: Computable Complex Organic Systems—Review on Inventing Future Cities

杨俊宴 郑屹

Yang Junyan, Zheng Yi

关键词:未来城市;数字化;信息化;创新技术;城市规划

Keywords:Future Cities; Digitalization; Informatization; Innovative Technology; Urban Planning

摘要:

近年来,随着信息化、数字化技术嵌入人类生产生活的各个方面,城市原有的生产方式、距离感和社会结构都在发生着巨大的改变,自第一次工业革命以来数百年间形成的城市社会组织生产方式与生活范式正在加速奔向一个尚无法确定终极图景的未来。因此,未来城市是什么?它是否可以被预测?又应该被如何创造?这些成为城市研究中的复杂哲学问题。而迈克尔·巴蒂教授的《创造未来城市》一书正是在这样的背景下应运而生。该书首先肯定了城市的复杂性和不可预测性,并以客观且综合的视角研究了城市的过去与当前的情况,进而结合最新的技术和变革趋势探讨了创造未来城市的普适性概念。本文基于著作的主要内容,结合自身对城市的思考和实践,以跨学科和时空维度视角对著作中针对创造城市未来所提出的核心观点和主要结论进行评述,主要包括城市的演变、城市的本质、城市运行机制和城市规划如何介入未来城市创造的过程,以期引起对未来城市以及如何营造未来城市的更多思考。


Abstract:

As the information and digital technologies is embedded in all aspects of human production and life, the original modes of urban production, distance and social structure are all experiencing a great transformation in recent years. And the urban and social patterns are accelerating towards an uncertain future since the first industrial revolution. Therefore, what is the future cities? How to predict and invent it? These questions have become the philosophical questions in urban studies field. Under this background, Professor Betty’s book entitled “Inventing Future Cities” affirms the complexity and unpredictability of cities and reviewed the past and current situation of cities through an objective and comprehensive perspective. Furthermore, the book also discussed the universal concepts of inventing future city based on the advanced digital technology and the changing trend. This paper reviews the core ideas and main conclusion in the content of this book by combing with the author’s thinking on practice of cities through interdisciplinary and spatial-temporal perspectives. Also, this paper reviews the book through the aspects of urban evolution, urban essence, urban operation mechanism and how urban planning intervene in the inventing process.


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作者简介:

杨俊宴(通信作者),东南大学建筑学院,教授,博士生导师,东南大学智慧城市研究院副院长。yangjy_seu@163.com

郑屹,东南大学建筑学院,博士研究生。zhengy17_seu@163.com


译者简介:

参考文献:
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